Chapter 2 & 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 & 3 Deck (245):
1

To fasten on, beneath, or under

Suffix

2

Made up of more than one word component and is added to a root or a combining form to modify its meaning.

Compound suffix

3

-algesia

Condition of pain

4

-ant

Forming

5

-ase

Enzyme

6

-ate

Use, action

7

-blast

Immature cell, germ cell

8

-cide

To kill

9

-crit

To separate

10

-cuspid

Point

11

-cyst

Bladder, sac

12

-cyte

Cell

13

-dipsia

Thirst

14

-drome

That which runs together

15

-er

Relating to, one who

16

-gen

Formation, produce

17

-genesis

Formation, produce

18

-ide

Having a particular quality

19

-ive

Nature of, quality of

20

-logy

Study of

21

-lymph

Cleare fluid, serum, pale fluid

22

-or

One who, a doer

23

-phil

Attraction

24

-stasis

Control, stop, stand still

25

-therapy

Treatment

26

-thermy

Heat

27

-um

Tissue, structure

28

-uria

Urination, condition of urine

29

Condition in which there is a lack of the sense of pain

An/algesia

30

Literally means formation of a bad kind; growing worse, harmful, cancerous

Malign/ant

31

Enzyme that breaks down starch

Amyl/ase

32

An oozing of pus or serum

Exud/ate

33

Bone-forming cell

Oste/o/blast

34

Agent that kills sperm

Sperm/I/cide

35

Blood test that separates solids from plasma in the blood by centrifuging the blood sample

Hemat/o/crit

36

Having two points or cusps

Bi/cuspid

37

A structure formed in the early embryogenesis of mammals, after the formation of the morula, but before implantation

Blast/o/cyst

38

Nerve cell, neuron

Neur/o/cyte

39

Excessive thirst

Poly/dipsia

40

A group of signs and symptoms occurring together that characterize a specific disease or pathological condition

Syn/drome

41

Person skilled in making x-ray records

Radi/o/graph/er

42

Agent that causes a change in the genetic structure of an organism

Muta/gen

43

Formation of spermatozoa

Spermat/o/genesis

44

A radioactive atom identified by its atomic number, mass, and energy state

Radi/o/nucl/ide

45

Having the nature of connecting or binding together

Connect/ive

46

Study of the female, especially the diseases of the female reproductive organs and the breasts

Gynec/o/logy

47

Serous fluid of the inner ear

Peri/lymph

48

Literally means to teach. One who is a recipient of an advanced degree,

Doct/or

49

White blood cell that has an attraction for a base dye

Bas/o/phil

50

Spreading process (out of control) of cancer from a primary site to a secondary site

Meta/stasis

51

Treatment using scientific application of water

Hydro/therapy

52

Treatment using high frequency current to produce heat w/in a part of the body

Dia/thermy

53

Structure that covers with the internal and external organs of the body and the lining of vessels, body cavities, glands, and organs

Epi/thel/i/um

54

Presence of blood in the urine

Hemat/uria

55

-algia

Pain, ache

56

-asthenia

Weakness

57

-betes

To go

58

-cele

Hernia, tumor, swelling

59

-cusis

Hearing

60

-derma

Skin

61

-dynia

Pain, ache

62

-ectasis

Dilation, distention

63

-edema

Swelling

64

-emesis

Vomiting

65

-ion

Process

66

-itis

Inflammation

67

-kinesis

Motion

68

-lepsy

Seizure

69

-lexia

Section, word, phrase

70

-malacia

Softening

71

-mania

Madness

72

-megaly

Enlargement, large

73

-mnesia

Memory

74

-noia

Mind

75

-oid

Resemble

76

-oma

Tumor

77

-opia

Sight, vision

78

-oxia

Oxygen

79

-pathy

Disease, emotion

80

-penia

Deficiency

81

-pepsia

To digest

82

-phagia

To eat, to swallow

83

-phasia

To speak, speech

84

-phobia

Fear

85

-plasia

Formation, produce

86

-plasm

A thing formed, plasma

87

-plegia

Paralysis, stroke

88

-pnea

Breathing

89

-ptosis

Drooping, prolapse, sagging

90

-ptysis

Spitting

91

-rrhage

Bursting forth

92

-rrhea

Flow, discharge

93

-rrhexis

Rupture

94

Condition in which there is a loss or lack of memory

A/mnesia

95

Mental disorder characterized by highly exaggerated or unwarranted mistrust or suspiciousness

Para/noia

96

-centesis

Surgical puncture

as in amni/o/centesis

97

-clasis

A break

Oste/o/clasis: the intentional surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity

98

-desis

Binding

Arthr/o/desis: surgical binding of a joint; surgical fixation of a joint

99

-ectomy

Surgical excision, surgical removal, resection

Vas/ectomy: surgical procedure in which the vas deference are tied off and cut apart providing permanent sterility by preventing transport of sperm

100

-gram

A weight, mark, record

Dactyl/o/gram: fingerprint

101

-graph

Recording

Mamm/o/graphy: process of obtaining x-ray pictures of the breast using a low dose x-ray system

102

-Ize

To make, to treat or combine with

An/esthet/Ize: to induce a loss of feeling or sensation w/ the administration of an anesthetic

103

-lysis

Destruction, separation, breakdown, loosening

Lip/o/lysis: destruction of fat

104

-meter

Instrument to measure, measure

Audi/o/meter: medical instrument used to measure hearing

105

-metry

Measurement

Pelvi/metry: measurement of the expectant mothers pelvic dimensions to determine whether it will be possible to deliver a fetus thru the normal vaginal route

106

-opsy

To view

Bi/opsy: surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination

107

-pexy

Surgical fixation

Gastr/o/pexy: surgical fixation of the stomach to the abdominal wall for correction of displacement

108

-pheresis

Remove

Plasma/pheresis: removal of blood from the body and centrifuging it to separate the plasma fro the blood and rein fusing the cellular elements back into the patient.

109

-plasty

Surgical repair

Rhin/o/plasty: surgical repair of the nose

110

-rrhaphy

Suture

My/o/rrhaphy: suture of a muscle wound

111

-scope

Instrument for examining

Ophthalm/o/scope: medical instrument used to examine the interior of the eye

112

-scopy

Visual examination, to view, examine

Lapar/o/scopy: visual examination of the abdominal cavity

113

-stomy

New opening

Ile/o/stomy: creation of a new opening thru the abdominal wall into the ileum

114

-tome

Instrument to cut

Derma/tome: instrument used to cut the skin for grafting

115

-tomy

Incision

Myring/o/tomy: surgical incision of the tympanic membrane to remove unwanted fluids from the ear

116

-tripsy

Crushing

Lith/o/tripsy: crushing of a kidney stone

117

Ab-
Ras
-ion

Away from
To scrape off
Process

Abrasion: Process of scraping away from a surface, such as skin or teeth, by friction

118

An-

Esthet

-Ize

Without, lack of

Feeling, sensation

To make

Anesthetize: to induce a loss of feeling or separation with the administration of an anesthetic

119

Arous

-al

Alertness, to rise

Pertaining to

Arousal: pertaining to a state of alertness or consciousness

120

A-

Symmetric

-al

Lack of, without

Symmetry

Pertaining to

Asymmetrical: unequal in size or shape. Without proportion of the body or parts of the body

121

A-

Systole

Without

Contraction

Asystole: literally means without contraction of the heart; a life threatening cardiac condition characterized by the absence of electrical and mechanical activity in the heart

122

Comat

-ose

A deep sleep

Pertaining to

Comatose: literally means pertaining to a state of deep sleep; total lack of consciousness

123

Epi-

Thel/i

-um

Upon, above

Nipple

Tissue, structure

Epithelium: structure that covers the internal and external organs of the body and the lining of vessels, body canaries, glands, and organs

124

Ex (o)-

Gen

-ous

Out

Formation, produce

Pertaining to

Exogenous: pertaining to originating outside the body or an organ of the body or produced from external causes, such as a disease caused by a bacterial or viral agent foreign to the body

125

Grand/I

-ose

Great

Pertaining to

Grandiose: pertaining to a feeling of greatness, in psychiatry, it refers to a persons unrealistic and exaggerated concept of self worth, importance, wealth, and ability

126

Gynec

-oid

Female

Resemble

Gynecoid: literally means to resemble a female; gynecoid pelvis is the normal shape of the birth canal that allows for the exit of the average fetus

127

Hyper-

-trophy

Excessive

Nourishment

Hypertrophy: literally means excessive nourishment, the increase in the size of an organ, structure, or the body caused by an increase in the size of the cells

128

Infect

-ion

To infect

Process

Infection: process whereby a pathogenic microorganism invades the body, reproduces, multiplies, and causes death

129

Ir-

Regul

-ar

Not

Rule

Pertaining to

Irregular: pertaining to not being regular

130

Nas/o

Labi

-al

Nose

Lip

Pertaining to

Nasolabial: pertaining to the nose and lip

131

Palp

-ate

Touch

Use, action

Palate: to use the hands or fingers to examine by touch; to feel

132

Ster

-oid

Solid

Resemble

Steroid: literally means resembling a solid substance; applies to any one of a large group of substances chemically related to sterols; natural steroid hormones include he androgens, estrogens, and adrenal cortex secretions

133

Physical injury or wound caused by external force, violence, or a toxic substance; also refers to psychological injury resulting from a severe emotional shock, which can cause disordered feelings and or behavior

Trauma

134

Turg

-or

Swelling

One who

Turgor: generally refers to the expected resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid. An evaluation of the skin turgor is an essential part of physical assessment

135

Means to fix before or to fix to the beginning of a word

Prefix

136

A-

Lack of

137

Brady-

Slow

138

Dys-

Difficult

139

Eu-

Good, normal

140

Hyper-

Excessive

141

Hypo-

Deficient

142

Tachy-

Rapid

143

A, an

No, without, lack of, apart

A/mnes/ia: condition in which there is a loss or lack of memory

An/emia: literally a lack of red blood cells

144

Anti-

Contra-

Against

Anti/gen: invading foreign substance that induces the formation of antibodies

Contra/cept/ion: process of preventing conception

145

Auto-

Self

Auto/trans/fus/ion: process of infusing a patients own blood

146

Brachy-

Short

Brachy/therapy: radiation therapy in which the radioactive substance is inserted into a body cavity or organ

147

Brady-

Slow

Brady/card/ia: abnormally slow heartbeat defined as less than 60 beats per minute

148

Cac-

Mal-

Bad

Cac/hexia: condition of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting

Mal/format/ion: the process of being badly shaped, deformed

149

Dia-

Through, between

Dia/gnosis: determination of the cause and nature of a disease

150

Dys-

Bad, difficult, painful, abnormal

Dys/meno/rrhea: difficulty or painful monthly flow

151

Eu-

Good, normal

Eu/pnea: good or normal breathing

152

Ex- (ex/cis/ion)

Exo- (exo/crine)

Out, away from

Excision: process of cutting out, surgical removal

Exocrine: pertains to a type of gland that secretes into ducts

153

Hetero- (hetero/sexu/al)

Different

Heterosexual: pertaining to the opposite sex; refers to an individual who has a sexual preference and relationship with opposite sex

154

Homeo- (homeo/stasis)

Similar, same, likeness, constant

Homeostasis: state of equilibrium maintained in the body's internal environment

155

Hydro- (hydro/cele)

Water

Hydrocele: accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity

156

Micro- (micro/cephal/us)

Small

Microcephalus: abnormally small head

157

Oligo- (oligo/meno/rrhea)

Scanty, little

Oligomenorrhea: scanty monthly flow

158

Pan- (pan/cyto/penia)

All

Pancytopenia: lack of the cellular elements of the blood

159

Pseudo- (pseudo/cyesis)

False

(False pregnancy)

160

Sym- (sym/physis)

Syn- (syn/erget/ic)

Together, with

(State of growing together)

(Pertaining to certain muscles that work together)

161

Ad-

Toward, near, to

162

Bi-

Two, double

163

De-

Down, away from

164

Di-

Two, double

165

Dia-

Through, between, complete

166

Dif-

Dis-

Apart, free from, separate

167

Dys-

Bad, difficult, painful, abnormal

168

Ec-
Ecto-

Out, outside, outer

169

End-
Endo-

Within, inner

170

Ep-
Epi-

Upon, over, above

171

Ex-
Exo-

Out, away from

172

Extra-

Outside, beyond

173

Hyper-

Above, beyond, excessive

174

Hypo-

Below, under, deficient

175

In-

In, into, not

176

Mega-

Large, great

177

Meta-

Beyond, over, between, change

178

Para-

Beside, alongside, abnormal

179

Poly-

Many, much, excessive

180

Post-

After, behind

181

Pre-

Before, in front of

182

Pro-

Before, in front of

183

Super-

Upper, above

184

Supra-

Above, beyond

185

Ab- (ab/duct/ion)

Away from

(Process of moving a body part away from the middle)

186

Ana- (Ana/trop/ia)

Up, apart, backward

(Tendency of eyeballs to turn upward)

187

Cata- (cata/bol/ism)

Down

(Literally a casting down; a breaking of complex substances into more basic elements)

188

Circum, peri-

(Circum/cis/ion)

(Peri/cardi/al)

Around

(Surgical process of removing the foreskin of the penis)

(Pertaining to the pericardium, the sac surrounding the heart)

189

Endo- (endo/card/itis)

Within, inner

(Inflammation of the endocardium (inner lining of the heart))

190

Epi- (epi/gastr/ic)

Upon, above, over

(Pertaining to the region above the stomach)

191

Ex- (ex/cis/ion)

Out, away from

(Process of cutting out; surgical removal)

192

Extra- (extra/corpore/al)

Outside, beyond

(Pertaining to the circulation of the blood outside the body via a heart-lung machine)

193

Hyper- (hyper/tens/ion)

Above, beyond, excessive

(High blood pressure)

194

Hypo- (hypo/tens/ion)

Below, under, deficient

(Low blood pressure)

195

Inter- (inter/cost/al)

Between

(Pertaining to between the ribs)

196

Intra- (intra/uter/ine)

Within, into

(Pertaining to within the uterus)

197

Meso- (meso/derm)

Middle

(A middle layer of the embryo lying between the ectoderm and endoderm)

198

Para- (para/plegia)

Beside, alongside

(Paralysis of the lower part of the body and of both legs)

199

Retro- (retro/vers/ion)

Backward

(Process of being turned backward, such as the displacement of the uterus with the cervix pointed forward)

200

Sub- (sub/lingu/al)

Below, under, beneath

(Pertaining to below the tongue)

201

Supra- (supra/ren/al)

Above, beyond, superior

(Two small glands located on top of each kidney, also called adrenal glands)

202

Ambi- (ambi/later/al)

Both

(Pertaining to both sides)

203

Bin- (bin/aur/al)

Twice, two

(Pertaining to both ears)

204

Centi- (centi/meter)

One hundredth

(Unit of measurement in the metric system)

205

Deca- (deca/gram)

Ten

(A weight of 10 grams)

206

Di(s)- (dis/locat/ion)

Two, apart

(Displacement of a bone from a joint)

207

Milli- (milli/liter)

One thousandth

(Unit of volume in the metric system)

208

Mono- (mono/nucle/osis)

One

(Condition of excessive amounts of mononuclear leukocytes in the blood)

209

Multi- (multi/para)

Many, much

(Refers to a woman who has given birth to two or more children and is written as para 2(3,4,5))

210

Nulli- (nulli/para)

None

(Refers to a woman who has never delivered a viable offspring and is written as para 0)

211

Poly- (poly/uria)

Many

(Excessive urination)

212

Primi- (primi/para)

First

(Refers to a woman who has had one birth at more than 20 weeks gestation, regardless of whether the infant is born alive or dead and is written as para 1)

213

Quadri- (quadri/plegia)

Four

(Paralysis of all 4 extremities and usually the trend due to spinal cord in the cervical spine)

214

Semi- (semi/lun/ar)

Hemi- (hemi/plegia)

Half

(Valves of the aorta and pulmonary artery, shaped like a crescent (half-moon)

(Paralysis of one half of the body when it is divided along the medial Sagittal plane)

215

Tri- (tri/som/y)

Three

(Genetic condition of having 3 chromosomes instead of two that causes birth defects, such as Down syndrome)

216

Uni- (uni/later/al)

One

(Pertaining to one side)

217

A-
Febr
-lie

Afebrile

Without
Fever
Pertaining to

(Literally means pertaining to without fever, the patients temp would be w/in a normal range of 98.6)

218

An-
Icter
-ic

(Anicteric)

Without
Jaundice
Pertaining to

(Term used to describe a condition that is without signs of jaundice)

219

To stop, inhibit, restrain. A condition of being stopped,

Arrest

220

Bi-
Furc
-ate

(Bifurcate)

Two
Fork
Use, action

(Having two forks or two branches or 2 divisions; forked)

221

Bin-
-ary

(Binary)

Twice, two
Pertaining to

(Literally means to separate into 2 branches or composed of 2 elements or 2 structures)

222

Con-
Centrat
-ion

(Concentration)

With, together
Center
Process

(In psychology, the process of being able to bring to the center one thought and focus on it, while excluding other thoughts)

223

De-
Compensat
Ion

(Decompensation)

Down, away from
To make good again
Process

(Failure of a system. Failure of the heart to maintain adequate circulation, in psychology, failure of the defense mechanism system that may occur during a relapsing of a mental condition)

224

Literally means to remove the kernel of. It is used to describe the removal of the eyeball surgically or to remove a cataract surgically. Also means to remove part or a mass in its entirety

Enucleate

225

Extra-
Ocul
-ar

(Extraocular)

Outside
Eye
Pertaining to

(Pertaining to outside the eye, as used in describing the extraocular eye muscles)

226

Hyper-
Act
-ive

(Hyperactive)

Excessive
Act
Nature of, quality of

(Nature or quality of excessive activity; this can refer to the entire organism or to a particular entity such as the thyroid, heart, or muscles)

227

Hypo-
-plasia

(Hypoplasia)

Under
Formation

(Underdevelopment of a tissue, organ, or body)

228

In-
Somn
-ia

(Insomnia)

Not
Sleep
Condition

(Condition of not being able to sleep)

229

Inter-
Medi
-ary

(Intermediary)

Between
Toward the middle
Pertaining to

(Pertaining to situated between two bodies or occurring between two periods of time)

230

Lying hidden; quiet, not active

Latent

231

Space w/in an artery, vein, intestine, or tube

Lumen

232

Multi-
Foc
-al

(Multifocal)

Many
Focus
Pertaining to

(Pertaining to or arising from many locations)

233

Process of closing or state of being closed such as of a passage or lumen

Occlusion

234

Para-
Stern
-al

(Parasternal)

Beside
Sternum, breastbone
Pertaining to

(Pertaining to either side of the sternum)

235

Wide open; freely open

Patent

236

Peri-
Cardi
-al

(Pericardial)

Around
Heart
Pertaining to

(Pertaining to the pericardium)

237

Poly-
Dactyl
-y

(Polydactyly)

Many
Finger or toe
Pertaining to

(Pertaining to having more than the normal number of fingers and toes)

238

Pre-
Menstru
-al

(Premenstrual)

Before
To discharge the menses
Pertaining to

(Pertaining to the number of days before the discharge of the menses)

239

Re-
-act

(React)

Again
To act

(Literally means to act again; to respond to a stimulus; to participate in a chemical reaction)

240

Re-
Gurgitat
-ion

(Regurgitation)

Backward
To flood
Process

(Process of a backward flow of solids or foods from the stomach to the mount or the back flow of blood thru a defective heart valve)

241

Any objective clinical evidence of an illness or disordered function of the body

Sign

242

Sub-
Acute

(Subacute)

Below
Sharp

(Literally means below sharp. It's used to describe the course of a disease process or the healing process following tissue injury)

243

Super-
Infect
-ion

(Superinfection)

Upper, above
Infect
Process

(An infection following a previous infection produced by an overgrowth of a resistant strain of bacteria, fungi,, or yeast)

244

Any perceptible change in the function of the body that indicates disease; symptoms may be acute, chronic, relapsing, remitting, and can have a systemic effect or local effect

Symptom

245

Un-
Consci
-ous

(Unconscious)

Not
Aware
Pertaining to

(An abnormal state in which the person is not aware of his or her environment)