Chapter 2: Biological Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2: Biological Development Deck (14):
1

Androgens

main class of male sex hormones

2

Estrogens

main class of female sex hormones

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adrenarche

puberty phase involving hormonal changes in the adrenal glands - occurs early 6-9 years

4

gonadarche

maturation of primary sexual characteristics (ovaries and testes) and secondary sexual characteristics (pubic hair, breast and genital) 2 years after adrenarche

5

precocious puberty

the very early onset and rapid progression of puberty

6

female athlete triad

combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis that may develop in female adolescents and college students

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adaptive behavior

a modification of behavior that promotes an organism's survival in the natural habitat

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chromosomes

structures that contain DNA

9

DNA

complex molecule that contains genetic information

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genes

units of hereditary info which are short segments composed of DNA

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Passive-genotype-environment correlations

correlations that occur because of biological parents, who are genetically related to the child, provide a rearing environment for the child

12

Evocative-genotype-environment correlations

an adolescent's genetically shaped characteristics elicit certain types of physical and social environments

13

active (niche-picking) genotype-environment

when children seek out environments that they find compatible and stimulating

14

mediating factors between puberty and developmental outcomes

changes in self-image, perceived attractiveness, SES, role change, change in school, ability to cope with stress