Chapter 2: Native Americans Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2: Native Americans Deck (13)
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1

Manifest Destiny

- belief that God has chosen Americans to spread the blessings of Liberty, Democracy, from the Atlantic to the Pacific

2

Trail of Tears

7000 troops to force the remaining 16,000 Cherokee (died from hunger, malnutrition, exhaustion, unprepared)

- Western expansion

3

Vocables

Not sensible syllables

4

Falsetto

to sing notes higher than their normal range.

5

Guttural

produced in the throat; harsh-sounding

6

Instruments

- Drum
- Cedar Flute (5-7 holes)
*only makes pentatonic scale

7

Sioux Indians (Little Snake)

Lakota (People of Dreams)/Nakota/Dakota

Location: (Followed the buffalo)
Mu Describes: Life / Religious experience
Instruments: Drums (membraneophone) / Flute (aerophone)
Dance: Sun / Hoop / Ghost / Grass
Song: Peyote / Honor / Healing / lullaby
* Jet Black Hair (Asian Ancestors)

8

Zunis (Ashiwi) Indians (Gentle People)
- Adobe house : Clay & Straw houses

Location: New Mexico
Mu Describes: deeply related to religion
Instruments: square drums / deer hoof rattles / traditional Native American flutes
Dance:
Song: lullaby
* Made pottery (deer)

9

Iroquois Indians
-Long Houses (rectangular) : Wood frame / bark

Location: state of New York
Mu Describes: entrainment/ happiness not really religion / Ceremonies
Instruments: Water Drum / Rattle Horn
Dance: Stomp / New woman’s shuffle (step-step) / Fish/ Rabit
Song: Earth / lullaby
* the Mohawk, Seneca, Oneida, Onondaga, Tuscarora, Cayuga tribes.

10

Navajos Indians
-hogan house (door facing east) : Clay and Stick

Location: Colorado/New Mexico/Arizona/Utah
Mu Describes: religion / popular music
Instruments: Drums / Sticks
Dance: Deities/ Shaker/ Sash/ Bow & Arrow/
Song: gutteral

11

Navajo Ceremonies:
A) Rites (No rattles used)

*10days/10nights

1. Blessingway: ensure good luck and prosperity
2. Enemyway: exorcise ghosts of aliens

12

Navajos Ceremonies: Chants (Rattles/Vocal Harmony)

*Sandpainting

1. Holyway: restore health by attracting good
2.Evilway: exorcise evil
3.Lifeway: Treat injuries caused by accidents

13

Native American Church

Peyote Songs : a rattle and water drum, ceremonial aspect during the sacramental taking of peyote