Chapter 2, Poverty Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2, Poverty Deck (11):
1

Meritocracy

The view that the best person can rise to the top in any situation

2

Social stratification

Hierarchical organization based on control of basic necessities

3

Life chances

Extent to which we have access to health care, food, education, clothes and shelter

4

Wright's 4 Classes

1. Managerial, 2. Capitalist, 3. Small Business, 4. Working Class

5

Under class

Those who are chronically low income

6

Relative poverty

Being able to afford the necessities of life

7

Welfare state

Nation where the government intervenes in the welfare of its citizens, through programs, policies, standards and regulations

8

Culture of poverty

SI, people of low incomes were raised and socialized to have different value systems and beliefs than those of medium and high society

9

Cultural capital

SI, Social assets required to access success, ex. values/beliefs, competency in language

10

Reserve army of workers

Marx, Increasing use of technology and downsizing creates a large amount of people so desperate for a job they are willing to work for cheap, keeps wages low

11

Feminization of poverty

There is a disproportionate level of women in poverty, ex. glass ceiling