Chapter 2 Pre Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Pre Test Deck (20):
1

In general, it was the _____ vision of the United States that triumphed after the nation's founding

Federalist

2

Most of the constitutional amendments ratified since the Bill of Rights in 1791 have been directly or indirectly concerned with

Structure or composition of government

3

Shay's Rebellion was politically significant to America's Founding in that it

Demonstrated the weakness of government under the Articles of Confederation

4

The Federalist Papers were written by

Alexander Hamilton
John Jay
James Madison

5

The First Continental Congress met in 1774.
Which of the following actions did the delegates at the Congress take?

The called for a total boycott of British goods

6

The inspiration behind the Declaration of Independence's focus on "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" was MOST inspired by which political philosopher?

John Locke

7

The method of securing, enacting, or maintaining the Constitution's principle of separation of powers is known as

Checks and balances

8

Under the Great Compromise,
small states were given an advantage in the

Senate

9

What is the name of the clause that is understood to give Congress the power to pass any law that is necessary to carry out its expressed powers?

Elastic clause

10

What issue more than any other seemed to unite separate colonial interests into rebellion from Great Britain?

Taxes

11

What power does the Supreme Court posses that is not expressly given to it by the Constitution?

Judicial review

12

What type of tyranny did the Federalists fear the MOST?

Tyranny of the majority

13

What concept best explains the underlying reason for the Bill of Rights?

Limited Government

14

What is the most widely used method of amending the Constitution to date?

Passage in House and Senate by two-thirds vote,
then ratification by majority vote of the legislature of three-fourths (now 38) of the states

15

What is true about the Three-Fifths Compromise?

Under this compromise, five slaves would count as three free persons in apportioning seats in House of Representatives

16

What was an original constitutional means of selecting one of the three major branches of government, but that has since changed?

The Senate was chosen by state legislatures

17

Which political value did the Constitution value more than any other at its creation?

Individual liberty

18

What 2 entities have responsibility for overseeing the appointment and approval of federal judges?

The Senate and the president

19

Which two colonial groups organized together in opposition to the taxes imposed by the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act?

New England merchants and
Southern planters

20

What was not a reason for establishing the second founding?

Slavery