Flashcards in Chapter 2 Questions Deck (12):
What are the three elements of the perceptual process (acronym)
(SOI) selecting, organizing, interpreting
Explain the three elements of the perceptual process
Selecting- You select what you perceive
Organizing- you organize using your schemas
Interpreting- you make meaning from the data you collected, the way they were organized and give live to assumptions
What is a perceptual schema
perception does not operate apart from meaning
What are the perceptual schemas
prototype, stereotype, script
What are some of the influences on perception?
Gender, culture, past experiences, mood,
Describe how self-concept is formed? (3)
reflected appraisal- The way we think about how other people think about us ex. I'm pretty sure amanda thinks im friendly so i'm friendly
How do depth and breadth of self-disclosure influence the building of relationships?
Depth - allows for others to know each other personally higher quality of information
Breadth - lots of low quality information builds superficial relationships
What are the rules for constructively and appropriately self-disclosing and responding to Self-disclosure?
Perception shapes how we interpret others’ communication and how we (ourselves) communicate with others. This is why we must monitor our perceptual biases, manage our impressions of others, and practice empathy.
Why is reciprocal sharing important?
It helps people become closer to you and helps them understand you as a person- shows trust between one another
How does self-serving bias influence our interactions? (personal traits
It is the tendency to attribute our successful behavior to ourselves but to assign external circumstances to our unsuccessful- feel sorry for ourselves and make up excuses for our failures
Explain how our perceptions of others can influence our communication with them.
- First impressions
- Primacy effect
- Negativity bias
- Attribution error
- Self-fulfilling prophecy
Primacy effect: you tend to remember the most recent information (ie. the end of a conversation rather than the beginning or middle
Attribution error: people tend to explain someone's behaviour through their actions rather than taking their environment into account (basically too much emphasis is put in internal factors)
Stereotyping: generalizing traits
Self fulfilling prophecy: when a person’s expectations of an event affect their actions. They will want to act in a way where their expected outcome happens.