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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (29):
1

Where is most fresh water found?

Glaciers

2

What are two types of violent tropical storms?

Hurricanes and typhoons

3

The high you go in elevation the temperature gets ----.

Lower

4

What is the top layer of the forest?

Canopy

5

Subarctic climates have what type of winters?

Severely cold winters

6

What place has more tornadoes than any other?

The United States

7

What happens to the ocean when an El Niño forms?

The Pacific Ocean gets warmer.

8

What is the largest and deepest ocean?

The Pacific Ocean

9

What are common forms of precipitation?

Ice, snow, and sleet

10

What determines a regions climate?

Movements of air, water currents, and latitude

11

What can also produce tornadoes?

Thunderstorms

12

The tropics have what type of climate?

Hot climate

13

An El Niño occurs every ----

3 years

14

What are broad areas of grassland with few trees called?

Savannas

15

Where is most of the Earths salt water found?

Oceans

16

What is water in the atmosphere in gas form?

Water vapor

17

What are forms of vegetation?

Trees and plants

18

Which region has the greatest variety of climates?

Mid-Latitude regions

19

What are in high latitudes

Subarctics, tundra, ice cap climates

20

What is it when the sun's heat turns water to vapor called?

Evaporation

21

Elevation above which no trees grows

Timberline

22

The climate that is harsh, cold and dry

Tundra

23

Water below the earth's surface is called?

Groundwater

24

The climate where taiga grows

Subarctic

25

What place has a climate with less than 10 percent of rain per year

Desert

26

Party dry grasslands that surround a desert.

Steppes

27

A dry area on the side of a mountain is called?

Rain shadow

28

Vegetation is called

Plant life

29

What covers what percent of the earth?

70 percent