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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (20):
1

Limited gov.

Gov. Not all powerful

2

Magna Carta

1215 signed by king john. Est. the principle that the monarchy was not absolute ***corner stone of the us constitution

3

Petition of right

1628 signed by Charles 1 est. the idea that even the monarch must obey the law

4

Royal

Direct control of the crown (8)most restrictive

5

Proprietary

Direct control of the proprietor (3)

6

Charter

Direct control of the people (2)least restriction

7

Albany plan of union

1754 attempt to address colonial trade and unite during the French and Indian war

8

Representative gov.

Gov. Should serve the will of the people

9

2nd continental congress

1775 first time all colonies united.

10

Articles of confederation

First constitution of USA drafted during revolution

11

Shays rebellion

Revolt against land/homer foreclosure -led to violence

12

Major weaknesses of the articles of confederation

No power to tax
No power to regulate trade
No power to enforce laws
No executive or judicial branches
Amendments (changes to the articles)

13

Major sources of the constitution

Greece
Rome
Great Britain
Jude's-Christians

14

What were the federalist paper? Authors?

Reasons why we need a new constitution
James Madison Alexander hamlitilion and john jay

15

Men who were not at the constitution convention/why?

Patrick Henry "smelt a rat"
John Adams/Thomas Jefferson diplomats in Europe

16

What two important states did not officially ratify the new constitution?

New York and Virginia

17

Last two states to ratify the constitution?

Nc
Rhode Island

18

Name given to the group who favored the new constitution and the name of the group who opposed it

Federalist in favor
Anti-federalist opposed it

19

Motor Provisions of Virginia

1. 3 branches
2. Bicameral - legislature
3. Representation based on population or amount of $ you gave the gov.
4. Executive 1 president
5. Judical 1 Supreme Court
6. Greatly increased powers for the central gov.

20

Major provisions of New Jersey

1. 3 branches
2. Unicameral legislature represention equal one vote per state
3. Executive 3 people
4. Judicial Supreme Court and state
5. Limited powers to the central gov. Shared with the states FEDERAL