Chapter 2 - The Body in Health and Disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - The Body in Health and Disease Deck (33):
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Gastroentology

Study of stomach and intestines

1

Pulmonology

Study of lungs

2

Cardiology

Study of heart

3

Hematology

Study of blood

4

Dermatology

Study of skin

5

Orthopedics

Study of bones and muscles

6

Neurology

Study of nerves

7

Urology

Study of urinary system

8

Male Reproductive Medicine

Studies the structures that produce children

9

Gynecology and Obstetrics

Study of females.

Treatment of women during pregnancy and childbirth.

10

Endocrinology

Study of organs or glands that secrete hormones.

11

Ophthalmology

Study of eye

12

Otolaryngology

Ears, nose, and throat system

13

Etiology

Cause or origin of disease.

14

Congenital (disease)

Abnormality in fetus or during gestation or birth

15

Degenerative (disease)

Progressive destruction of cells due to disease or aging process

16

Environmental (disease)

Exposure to external substances

17

Hereditary (disease)

Inherited or spontaneous mutation in genetic material of cell

18

Iatrogenic (disease)

Medicine or treatment given to patient

19

Idiopathic (disease)

Having no identifiable or confirmed cause

20

Infectious (disease)

Caused by a pathogen. Can be direct or indirect.

21

Neoplastic (disease)

New growth of either a benign or malignant tumor

22

Nosocomial (disease)

Exposure to disease while in hospital setting

23

Nutritional (disease)

Lack of nutritious food

24

Physical examination: inspection, palpation, auscultation, percussion

Instrument to examine internal cavities and external surfaces

Fingers to feel mass or enlarged organs or detect tenderness or pain

Stethoscope for heart, lungs, intestines

Finger tapping over other finger that spreads over body cavity (listening to lung)

25

Acute

Sudden in natural and severe in intensity

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Subacute

Less sever in intensity

27

Exacerbation

Sudden worsening in the severity of symptoms or signs

28

Remission

Temporary improvement in symptoms w/o the underlying disease being cured

29

Sequela

Abnormal condition that still arises despite the original disease being resolved

30

Refractory

Resistant

31

Prognosis

Predicted outcome of disease

32

Recuperation

Recovery