Flashcards in CHAPTER 2 THE COUNSELOR: PERSON AND PROFESSIONAL Deck (29):
The process of therapists
seeing in their clients patterns of their own
behavior, overidentifying with clients, or meeting
their own needs through their clients.
The values and behaviors shared by a
group of individuals.
process that involves a practitioner developing
awareness of beliefs and attitudes, acquiring
knowledge about race and culture, and learning
skills and intervention strategies necessary to work
effectively with culturally diverse populations.
A condition that occurs
when helpers feel drained and depleted as a result
of their work. Certain factors, such as constantly
giving without expecting much in return,
can sap helpers’ vitality and motivation. Selfcare
can help to prevent this condition.
1. If counselors hide behind the safety
of their professional role, their clients
will likely keep themselves hidden
2. Empirical research strongly and
consistently supports the centrality
of the therapeutic relationship as a
primary factor contributing to psychotherapy
3. Clients place more value on the specifi
c techniques used rather than on
the personality of the therapist.
4. Meta-analyses of studies on therapeutic
effectiveness have shown
that techniques have relatively little
effect on therapeutic outcome.
5. As a therapist, it is your function to
persuade clients to accept or adopt
your value system since it has been
perfected through years of training
6. It is impossible for human beings to
maintain a sense of objectivity; thus,
therapists who attempt to maintain
objectivity are fooling themselves
7. If clients express a desire for you to
give them answers, you should do
8. It is a professional obligation, not
an ethical obligation, for counselors
to develop a sensitivity to their clients’
9. Most beginning counselors have
ambivalent feelings when meeting
their fi rst clients.
10. Judging the appropriate amount of
self-disclosure is only a problem for
11. Counselors who leave their reactions
and selves out of their clinical work
a. are likely to be ineffective counselors
and merely technical experts.
b. are most likely psychodynamic
practitioners who are creating
the analytic framework.
c. are defi nitely practicing in an
unethical manner and might
be violating laws depending on
the state in which they are
d. have mastered setting good
boundaries in therapy.
12. Which of the following statements
about effective counselors is NOT true?
a. Effective counselors have the
courage to leave the security of
the known if they are not satisfi
ed with the way they are.
b. Effective counselors feel adequate
with others and allow others
to feel powerful with them.
c. Effective counselors are certain
that their knowledge about
human nature is correct and feel
obligated to steer their clients
away from making poor decisions.
d. Effective counselors are committed
to living fully rather than settling
for mere existence.
13. ______________________ refer to aspects
such as the alliance, the relationship,
the personal and interpersonal
skills of the therapist, client
agency, and extra-therapeutic factors.
a. Technical factors
b. Contextual factors
c. Subjective factors
d. Phenomenological factors
14. There is considerable evidence indicating
that the of the psychotherapist
is inextricably intertwined
with the outcome of psychotherapy.
a. décor of the offi ce
b. socioeconomic status
d. genetic makeup
e. general attractiveness
15. Linda, a licensed therapist with strong
negative opinions about homosexuality
and gay marriage, believes that her
clients Joe and Robert should dissolve
their relationship and give heterosexuality
a chance. Linda is
a. being true to her own values;
thus, her advice to Joe and
Robert is ethical.
b. behaving in an illegal manner.
c. not maintaining an objective
stance and seems to be encapsulated
by her worldview.
d. qualifi ed to assess whether or not
Joe and Robert should remain a
couple because she is licensed.
16. Yi-Lung, a recent immigrant from
Taiwan, has been encouraged by his
American girlfriend to join her in
couples counseling. During the fi rst
session, Yi-Lung seems reluctant
to self-disclose and admits that he
does not believe counseling is the
best way for them to address their
problems. The counselor should
a. try to understand how Yi-Lung
perceives the value of formal
b. realize that Yi-Lung may have
different expectations about the
helping process based on his cultural
c. take Yi-Lung’s degree of acculturation
into account when working
with him and his girlfriend.
d. all of these.
17. Which of the following statements
about therapeutic goals is true?
a. Setting goals is inextricably
related to values.
b. Clients initially tend to have a
clear sense of what they expect
c. The exploration of what a client
wants from therapy should
rarely be discussed during the
fi rst few sessions because it can
feel overwhelming to him or her.
d. A client who lacks therapeutic
goals does not belong in therapy.
18. A counselor trainee makes the following
comment in class: “I would
never work with a counselor who
has been a client in counseling! If
they can’t handle their own problems,
how could they possibly be
effective in helping others?” What
would be an appropriate response
on the part of the instructor?
a. “Our own work as a client can
teach us valuable lessons about
how to creatively facilitate
deeper levels of self-exploration
in clients. And it tends to increase
our appreciation for the
courage our clients display in
their therapeutic journeys.
b. “You’re right! Counselors who
need counseling are probably
unstable and should not interact
c. “I can’t believe we admitted you
into this training program. You
should be ashamed of yourself
for saying that.”
d. “Well, I have been in counseling.
Are you suggesting that I am
19. Yolanda, a therapist specializing
in working with adolescents, told a
young pregnant client to strongly
consider giving her child up for
adoption. In Yolanda’s words: “Certainly
you don’t want to eliminate
the possibility of going to college and
ruin your future by having a child at
such a young age, right?” Yolanda is
a. doing the client a favor by being
direct and offering her guidance.
b. exerting infl uence and imposing
her values on the client.
c. merely exposing her own values,
and thus, is behaving ethically.
d. surely projecting her own life
story onto the client.
20. Understanding the sociopolitical
system of which clients are a part is
a. something that only social workers
b. a requirement only for those
who want to specialize in social
c. necessary in order to become
d. not important for therapists
working in private practice.
21. Counselors must examine
their expectations, attitudes, biases,
and assumptions about the counseling
process and also about persons
from diverse groups.
a. from all cultural groups
b. from oppressed cultural groups
c. residing in affl uent areas
d. who received their training from
22. Which of the following is NOT a
guideline for increasing your effectiveness
with clients from diverse
a. Learn more about how your own
cultural background has infl uenced
your thinking and behaving.
b. Learn to pay attention to the common
ground that exists among
people of diverse backgrounds.
c. Use a one-size-fi ts-all approach
in your clinical work
d. Examine where you obtained
your knowledge about culture.
23. In determining the appropriateness
of self-disclosure, consider
a. what to reveal.
b. when to reveal.
c. how much to reveal.
d. all of these
24. Tom plans to work with clients who
are mandated by the courts to receive
counseling. Considering they
will be involuntary clients, Tom
a. not expect change to occur.
b. not be too concerned about the
informed consent process, since
confi dentiality will not be an issue.
c. make sure that he prepares them
well for the process.
d. plan to counter their resistance
with promises of dramatic
change in order to instill hope in