Chapter 2: The Founding And The Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2: The Founding And The Constitution Deck (26):
1

Americas first written constitution; served as a basis for America's national government until 1789

Articles of Confederation

2

A system of government in which states retain sovereign authority except for the powers expressly delegated to the national government

Confederation

3

A framework for the Constitution, introduced by Edmund Randolph, that called for representation in the national legislature based on the population of each state

Virginia plan

4

A framework for the Constitution,
introduced by William Paterson, that called for equal state representation in the national legislature regardless of population

New Jersey plan

5

The agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that gave each state and equal number of senators regardless of its population but linked representation in the House of Representatives to population

Great Compromise

6

The agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that stipulated that for purposes of the apportionment of the congressional seats every slaves would be counted as three-fifths of a person

Three-Fifths Compromise

7

Having a legislative assembly composed of two chambers or houses

Bicameral

8

Mechanisms through which each branch of government is able to participate in and influence in activities of the other branches;

Checks and balances

9

The electors from each state who meet after the popular election to cast ballots for president and Vice President

Electoral College

10

The first 10 amendments to the US constitution, ratified in 1791; they ensure certain rights and liberties to the people

Bill of Rights

11

The division of governmental power among several institutions must cooperate and decision making

Separation of powers

12

A system of government in which power is divided, by a constitution, between a central government and regional governments

Federalism

13

Specific powers granted by the Constitution to Congress and to the president

Expressed powers

14

The concluding paragraph of article 1, section 8, of the Constitution (also known as the "necessary and proper clause"), which provides Congress with the authority to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its enumerated powers

Elastic Clause

15

The power of courts to review and, if necessary, declare actions of the legislative and executive branches invalid or unconstitutional

Judicial review

16

The Supreme Court asserted this court power in Marbury v. Madison 1803

Judicial review

17

Article VI of the Constitution,
Which states that laws passed by the national government and all treaties are that supreme law of the land and superior to all laws adopted by any state or any subdivision

Supremacy clause

18

Those who favored a strong national government and supported the constitution propose at the American Constitutional Convention of 1787

Federalists

19

Those who favored strong state government and week national government and who were opponents of the constitution proposed at the American constitutional convention of 1787

Antifederalist

20

A series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John J supporting ratification of the Constitution

Federalist Papers

21

Oppressive government that employs cruel and unjust use of power and authority

Tyranny

22

A principle of constitutional government; A government whose powers are defined and limited by the constitution

Limited government

23

Change added to a bill, law, or constitution

Amendment

24

Major examples include the presidential veto power over congressional legislation, the power of the senate to approve presidential appointments, and judicial review of congressional enactments

Checks and balances

25

called for representation in the national legislature based on the population of each state

Virginia Plan

26

called for equal state representation in the national legislature regardless of population

New Jersey Plan