Flashcards in Chapter 2 Vocab Deck (48):
A specific instance of behavior
Portion of organisms interaction with its environment that results In measurable change in at least one aspect of the environment
A group of responses with the same function.
All of the behaviors a person can do.
The set of knowledge a person has learned that is relevant to their environment.
Everything except the moving parts of the organism that is involved with the behavior
An energy change that affects an organism through its receptor cells
Any group of stimuli sharing a predetermined set of common elements including: physical features (formally) , when it happens( temporally ) and the effects it has on behavior (functionality).
The stimulus change that happens before the behavior
A stimulus change that occurs after the behavior
A stimulus response relation that is unconditioned
A behavior that is elicited by antecedent stimuli
Gradually diminishing response strength.
A stimulus-stimulus pairing procedure in which a neutral stimulus is paired with a unconditioned stimulus until the neutral stimulus elicits the conditioned response
Two stimuli are presented at the same time, repeatedly
A stimulus change that elicits respondent behavior without any learning
A stimulus change that does not elicit respondent behavior
A formerly neutral stimulus that elicits respondent behavior after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus
Repeatedly presenting a conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus until it no longer elicits a conditioned response
Higher order conditioning
A conditioned stimulus can can be established with stimulus-stimulus pairing of neutral stimulus and conditioned stimulus
Any behavior whose future frequency depends on the past consequences.
Selection by consequences
Evolution of a species through selection with respect to function ( consequences). Behavior is selected , shaped and maintained through these consequences.
A stimulus change that increases the future frequency of the behavior that precedes it.
A stimulus change that occurs and decreases the future frequency of the behavior it is preceded by.
Automaticity of reinforcement
Behavior is modified by consequences regardless if the subject knows they are being reinforced.
When behavior increases as a result of an added stimulus after a behavior
A behavior is followed by a stimulus change that increases the frequency of the occurrence in the future.
When the occurrence of behavior increases after the withdrawal of a stimulus after a behavior
A stimulus condition whose termination is reinforcing.
When a stimulus change occurs after a behavior that decreases the future frequency of the behavior
A Stimulus change that increases he future frequency of behavior without pairing.
Momentary effectiveness of a reinforce
Being without a reinforcer or stimulus for a given time, which leaves it to be desired
Have a plethora of a reinforcer or stimulus to a point where no more is desired.
A previously neutral stimulus change that functions as a punisher because of prior pairing
a learned stimulus-response functional relation consisting of an antecedent stimulus and the response it elicits.
a stimulus change that functions as a reinforcer because of prior pairing
Dependent and/pr temporal relations between operant behavior and its controlling variables.
an operant that occurs more frequently under some antecedent conditions that under others
Discriminative Stimulus (sd)
A stimulus in the presence of which responses of some type have been reinforced, and in the absence have not been reinforced.
When a behavior no longer gains reinforcement
history of reinforcement
Referring, in general, to all the reinforcement and learning history in a person's life.
The Basic process by which operant learning occurs. Consequences result in an increased or decreased frequency of behavior in the future.
Principle of behavior
A statement describing a functional relation between behavior and one or more of it's controlling variables with generality across organisms.
A situation where the frequency/duration/amplitude, etc. of a behavior is altered by the presence or absence of a stimulus.