Chapter 2: Word Parts Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 2: Word Parts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2: Word Parts Deck (52):
1

aden/o

Example: aden/oma

Gland

2

cancer/o, carcin/o

Example: cancer/ous

Cancer

3

chlor/o

Example: chlor/oma

Green

4

chrom/o

Example: xanth/o/chrom/ic

Color

5

cyan/o

Example: cyan/osis

Blue

6

cyt/o

Example: cyt/o/logy

Cell

7

epitheli/o

Example: epitheli/oma

Epithelium

8

erythr/o

Example: erythr/o/cyte

Red

9

eti/o

Example: eti/o/logy

Cause (of disease)

10

fibr/o

Example: fibr/o/sarcoma

Fiber

11

hist/o

Example: hist/o/logy

Tissue

12

gno/o

Example: pro/gno/sis

Knowledge

13

iatr/o

Example: iatr/o/genic

Physician, Medicine (also means treatment)

14

kary/o

Example: kary/o/plasm

Nucleus

15

lei/o

Example: lei/o/my/oma

Smooth

16

leuk/o

Example: leuk/o/cyte

White

17

lip/o

Example: lip/oma

Fat

18

melan/o

Example: melan/oma

Black

19

my/o

Example: my/o/pathy

Muscle

20

neur/o

Example: neur/oma

Nerve

21

onc/o

Example: onc/o/logist

Tumor, Mass

22

path/o

Example: path/o/genic

Disease

23

organ/o

Example: organ/ic

Organ

24

rhabd/o

Example: rhabd/o/my/oma

Rod-shaped, striated

25

sarc/o

Example: sarc/oma

Flesh, connective tissue

26

somat/o

Example: somat/o/plasm

Body

27

system/o

Example: system/ic

System

28

viscer/o

Example: viscer/al

Internal organs

29

xanth/o

Example: xanth/o/chrom/ic

Yellow

30

dia-

Example: dia/gno/sis

Through, complete

31

dys-

Example: dys/plasia

Painful, abnormal, difficult, labored

32

hyper-

Example: hyper/plasia

Above, excessive

33

hypo-

Example: hypo/plasia

Below, incomplete, deficient, under

34

meta-

Example: meta/stasis

After, beyond, change

35

neo-

Example: neo/plasm

New

36

pro-

Example: pro/gno/sis

Before

37

-al, -ic, -ous

Example: epitheli/al

Pertaining to

38

-cyte

Example: erythr/o/cyte

Cell

39

-gen

Example: carcin/o/gen

Substance or agent that produces or causes

40

-genic

Example: carcin/o/genic

Producing, originating, causing

41

-logist

Example: onc/o/logist

One who studies and treats (specialist or physician)

42

-logy

Example: onc/o/logy

Study of

43

-megaly

Example: organ/o/megaly

Enlargement

44

-oid

Example: cyt/oid

Resembling

45

-oma

Example: fibr/oma

Tumor, swelling

46

-osis

Example: cyan/osis

Abnormal condition

(means INCREASE when used with blood cell word roots)

47

-pathy

Example: somat/o/pathy

Disease

48

-plasia

Example: hyper/plasia

Condition of formation, development, growth

49

-plasm

Example: neo/plasm

Growth, substance, formation

50

-sarcoma

Example: aden/o/sarcoma

Malignant tumor

51

-sis

Example: pro/gno/sis

State of

52

-stasis

Example: meta/stasis

Control, stop, standing