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Flashcards in Chapter 20 Deck (15):
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Alveoli

Tiny, thin-walled, grape like clutters at the end of each bronchiole that are surrounded by capillaries; carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange takes place.

1

Asthma

Lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly and cause shortness of breath, wheezing, or coughing; may occur as an allergenic reaction.

2

Bladder

Elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body through the urethra.

3

Bronchi

Two short tubes that branch off the lower end of the trachea and carry air into the lungs.

4

Diaphragm

Muscle beneath the lungs that contracts and relaxes to move gases in and out of the body.

5

Emphysema

Lung disease in which the alveoli enlarge.

6

Kidney

Bean-shaped urinary system organ that is made up of about 1 million nephrons and filters blood, producing urine.

7

Larynx

Airway to which the vocal cords are attached.

8

Nephron

Tiny filtering unit of the kidney.

9

Pharynx

Tubelike passageway for food, liquid, and air.

10

Trachea

Air-conditioning tube that connects the larynx with the bronchi; is lined with mucous membranes and cilia, and contains strong cartilage rings.

11

Ureter

Tube that carries urine from each kidney to the bladder.

12

Urethra

Tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

13

Urinary system

System of excretory organs that rids the blood of wastes, controls blood volume by removing excess water, and balances concentrations of salts and water

14

Urine

Wastewater the contains excess water, salts, and other wastes that are not reabsorbed by the body.