Chapter 20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 20 Deck (22):
1

The government must act fairly and in accord with established rules in all that it does

due process

2

The government must create fair policies and laws

substantive due process

3

The government must employ fair procedures and methods

procedural due process

4

state power to enact laws promoting health, safety, and morals

police power

5

a warrant authorizing law enforcement officials to search for objects or people involved in the commission of a crime and to produce them in court

search warrant

6

forced labor

involuntary servitude

7

unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice

discrimination

8

legal document that enabled officers to search homes and warehouses for goods that might be smuggled

writs of assistance

9

a reasonable basis to believe a person or premises is linked to a crime

probable cause

10

evidence gained as the result of an illegal act by police cannot be used against the person from whom it was seized

exclusionary rule

11

A court order which prevents unjust arrests and imprisonments

writ of habeas corpus

12

a legislative act finding a person guilty of treason or felony without a trial

bill of attainder

13

a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed

ex post facto law

14

the formal device by which a person can be accused of a serious crime

grand jury

15

an accusation of wrongdoing

indictment

16

the Fifth Amendment right providing that a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime

double jeopardy

17

a trial in which the judge alone hears the case

bench trial

18

the constitutional rights which police must read to a suspect before questioning can occur

Miranda Rule

19

a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial

bail

20

a law which allows federal judges to order that an accused felon be held, without bail, when there is good reason to believe that he or she will commit yet another serious crime before trial

preventive detention

21

putting a condemned person to death

capital punishment

22

Betrayal of one's country

treason