Chapter 20: Rape and Other Sex Offenses Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 20: Rape and Other Sex Offenses Part 1 Deck (29):
1

What was the original definition of forcible rape?

sexual intercourse or attempted sexual intercourse with a female against her will, by force or threat of force

2

What is the updated definition of forcible rape?

updated to the apply to both male and female as victims and offenders by calling them sexual assaults

3

What is sexual assault?

any acts forced sexual intercourse or contact regardless of the gender of the victim

4

What are the different types of sexual offenses?

(1) “hands-off” sex offenses
(2) “hands-on” sex offenses

5

What acts would be considered “hands-off” sex offenses?

(1) exhibitionism
(2) voyeurism
(3) possession/sale of pornography

6

What acts would be considered “hands-on” sex offenses?

(1) physical contact with the victim
(2) forcible rape
(3) sexual assaults
(4) acts of wed and lascivious conduct
(5) prostitution

7

What counts as sexual assaults of a minor?

child molesters
pedophiliac
statutory rapists

8

What counts as Intrafamilial sexual assaults?

incest
marital rape

9

Why are sexual assault crimes so poorly represented in the official crime data (UCR data) and victimization surveys (NCVS)?

due to the nature of the crime, many victims are unwilling to tell anyone about their victimization

10

Why do most sexual assault victims not report these crimes to police?

(1) feeling that they won’t be believed and that nothing will be done

(2) a fear of retaliation from the offender

(3) feelings of guilt and shame from being sexually molested

(4) a fear that people will blame them for their own victimization based on their own actions

11

Why are intrafamilial sexual assaults not reported?

the implications it can have on the family if it is reported

12

What are the 3 fundamental problems with prevalence estimates that derive from UCR data?

(1) only a very small fraction of all forcible rapes that occur are known to the police

(2) forcible rapes involving male victims are not included in these UCR estimates

(3) estimates of the number of other types of sex offenses are not provided in these annual reports of known offense

13

_______________________ + 41% of forcible rapes known to the police are cleared by an arrest= inaccurate representation of the actual profile of most sex offenders

the number of rapes not reported

14

the number of rapes not reported + ____________________ = inaccurate representation of the actual profile of most sex offenders

41% of forcible rapes known to the police are cleared by an arrest

15

the number of rapes not reported + 41% of forcible rapes known to the police are cleared by an arrest= ________________________

inaccurate representation of the actual profile of most sex offenders

16

What are the sexual assault trends according to UCR data?

rape offense rates increased in the 1970s until the early 1980s, rose again from 1985 to 1992, and have generally decreased since the early 1990s

Nationally, the number of reported rapes has decreased from about 109,000 in 1992 to 83,000 in 2011

17

What are the sexual assault trends according to NCVS data?

general downward trajectory across time (although this could be due to how the questions were worded)

18

What regions of the country have the highest rape rates?

Midwest, Southern, and Western

19

What regions of the country have the lowest rates of rape?

Northeast

20

What are the states with the highest rape rates?

(1) South Dakota
(2) Alaska
(3) Colorado
(4) Michigan
(5) Arkansas

21

Rape rates are higher in ______ than suburban and rural areas

cities

22

Rape rates are substantially higher in cities and neighborhoods characterized by?

(1) higher density of multi-unit dwellings
(2) renter-occupied housing
(3) economic disadvantage
(4) ethnic diversity
(5) population mobility
(6) single-parent households

23

What is the average look of a sex offender?

(1) males
(2) the young
(3) African-American

24

Males account for about ___% of the persons arrested for forcible rape.

99%

25

Males represent over ___% of the persons arrested for other sex offenses

90%

26

__________ is the only sex-related offense in which male arrestees are underrepresented

prostitution

27

___% of persons arrested for forcible rape are under 25 years old and about ___% are under 18 and 24

41%
14%

28

65% of arrested rapists are ______ and 33% are ______

White
Black

29

Why males may be more predisposed to sexual predation than females?

(1) issues of power and control

(2) patriarchal societies socialize boys to be aggressive, tough, and dominating

(3) males have higher levels of testosterone( along with higher impulsivity and lower self-control)

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