Chapter 20: Rape and Other Sex Offenses Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 20: Rape and Other Sex Offenses Part 2 Deck (46):
1

What are the different types of rapists?

(1) Anger Rapists
(2) Power Rapists
(3) Sadistic Rapists

2

What type of rapist is this:
sex is a means of expressing and discharging pent-up anger

Anger Rapists

3

What type of rapist is this:
uses excessive brutality during the rape

Anger Rapists

4

What type of rapist is this:
for the victim, the act is usually less psychologically traumatizing because the brutality of the offense often elicits great sympathy from others and less victim blaming

Anger Rapists

5

What type of rapist is this:
issues of power and control

Power Rapists

6

What type of rapist is this:
use only enough force necessary to achieve their goal of control

Power Rapists

7

What type of rapist is this:
victims often suffer serious psychological harm beyond the rape, because the lack of excessive force in these situations contributes to feelings that the victim could have done something to prevent it

Power Rapists

8

What type of rapist is this:
achieve pleasure from inflicting serious injury on the victim

Sadistic Rapists

9

What type of rapist is this:
the victims suffer chronic injuries from these crimes and often require extensive counseling and other types of therapy

Sadistic Rapists

10

What is an example of power rapists?

“date rape” and other sexual assaults among acquaintances

11

What percentage of sex offenders are sadistic rapists?

only 5%

12

What are some examples of what sadistic rapists do to their victims?

binding, gagging, torture, and sexual enslavement of their victim

13

What are the different types of signatures for sex offenders?

(1) Child Molesters
(2) Adolescent Sex Offenders
(3) Date/Acquaintance Rape
(4) Incest
(5) Serial Sexual Murderers

14

What are the primary personality characteristics of child molesters?

(1)an inability to establish genuine interpersonal relationships
(2) low self-esteem
(3) feelings of isolation and helplessness
(4) poor impulse control

15

What socio-economic, occupational, racial, and age group do child molesters reside in?

they exist in all socio-economic, occupational, racial, and age groupings

16

What is the average profile for child molesters?

most pedophiles are men, typically married, and they often have their own children

17

The vast majority of child molesters are either ______ ____________, ______ _________, or ________ ________ of the victim

family acquaintances
family members
distant relatives

18

What are the different types of child molesters?

(1) situational molesters
(2) preferential molesters
(3) “Saint”
(4) Pedarasts

19

What is the difference between situational and preferential molesters?

Situational molesters- do not exhibit a particular sexual preference for children but are often opportunists who engage in sex with children for varied and complex reasons

Preferential molesters- have a clear sexual preference for children

20

__________ molesters often have extensive collections of child-oriented pornography.

Preferential

21

What are “saints”?

persons who serve the wider community and are respected in their community

22

What are some examples of “saints”?

priests, teachers, coaches, doctors

23

What is the societal reaction to “saints”?

because they violate a sacred trust put on them for protecting children, there is especially strong public outrage

24

What is a pedarast?

pedophiles who engage in exclusively man-boy relationships

25

What are the different types of pedarasts?

(1) temporary or substitute
(2) criminal or exploitative
(3) promiscuous or cruiser
(4) careful
(5) responsible

26

Which type of pedarasts is this:
turns to molesting boys for sexual excitement and gratification due to the absence of a female sexual partner

temporary or substitute

27

Which type of pedarasts is this:
preys o young boys and has a long history of predatory acts

criminal or exploitative

28

Which type of pedarasts is this:
often uses the services of child prostitutes that are picked up from the street

promiscuous or cruiser

29

Which type of pedarasts is this:
employs a “middle man” to arrange sexual meetings with young boys to minimize their chances of being arrested

careful

30

Which type of pedarasts is this:
is so fearful of being apprehended that he avoids all physical contact with boys, instead, he uses massive collections of child pornography to enhance his sexual fantasies

responsible

31

How do Adolescent Sex Offenders use sexual violence?

often use sexual violence as a form of displaced aggression as a response to their own abused lives and limited social competence to deal with these problems in constructive ways

32

Who are Adolescent Sex Offenders preferred target?

younger children, especially younger siblings and acquaintances

33

What are some of the social background characteristics of Adolescent Sex Offenders?

(1) abusive family relationships and prior sexual abuse

(2) growing up in a several dysfunctional family environment

(3) low social competence and defense in social skills as indicated by having no friends, a lack of motivation, and an underachiever attitude

34

What are the risk factors for Adolescent Sex Offenders?

(1) the withholding of parental nurturing and intimacy from young boys to foster “tough” masculinity

(2) the failure to encourage boys to express their empathy in interacting with young children

(3) the development of sexist and negative attitudes toward women

(4) the reinforcement of dangerous myths regarding women’s attitudes toward coerced sex

(5) the lack of constructive developmental experiences in adolescence

35

What are some of the particular situational and predisposing factors for date/acquaintance rape?

(1) dominating and controlling behavior by males
(2) acceptance of traditional gender roles
(3) miscommunication regarding sex
(4) heavy alcohol and drug use

36

During which date do most date rapes occur?

most of these rapes occur on the first date

37

What are the majority of incest cases?

the majority of these cases involve sexual offenses by fathers against their daughters

38

What is incest?

inappropriate sexual activity within the family that is illegal by law or forbidding by custom

39

The average age of incest victims is ___.

11

40

True or False: Incest typically only occurs during a short amount of time and involves one type of sexual activity.

False: Incest typically continues over time and involves multiple types of sexual activity.

41

Why do most victims of incest remain quiet?

out of fear of the consequences for disclosure

42

True or False: Most incest involves only one family member.

False: many of them are serial offenders who will target multiple children when they reach a certain age

43

How did fathers, who commit incest, often rationalize their behavior?

by blaming their spouse for weak marital relations and for hostile mother-daughter relations

44

What is a Serial Sexual Murderers motivation?

strongly motivated by elements of sexual addition/compulsivity and aberrant sexual fantasies

45

What percentage of sex offenders are Serial Sexual Murderers?

represent far less than 1% of all sex offenders, extremely rare

46

How do Serial Sexual Murderers plan out their attacks?

meticulous planners who rehearse their crimes, stalk their victims, and select victims who will fulfill their ultimate sexual fantasies

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