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Flashcards in Chapter 21 Deck (54):
1

Acrisius

Father to Danae
- King of Argos

2

Danae

Daughter of Acrisius

3

Acrisius's Prophecy

His grandchild (Danae's child) will kill him

4

Acrisius's Solution to the prophecy

Imprison Danae and place her in Brazen Underground Chamber

5

Roman Poet Horace's spin on underground chamber

he says it's a brazen tower

6

Who falls in Love with Danae while she's encaptured?

Zeus
- he enters chamber as shower of gold and impregnates her

7

Who is born from impregnation of Danae and Zeus?

Perseus

8

Acrisius's reaction when she finds Danae and Perseus in brazen tower/chamber

Sends them adrift

9

Who rescues Perseus and Danae?

Dictys (Net Man)

10

Who is the brother of Dictys?

King of Seriphos
Polydectes

11

Second person to fall in love with Danae

King of Seriphos
Polydectes

12

What does Perseus boast he can retrieve?

Gorgon's head

13

Who is the divine assistant for Perseus?

Athena
Later traditions: Athena and Hermes

14

The Graeae

(the grey ones)
- 1 eye, 1 tooth

15

Parents of the Grey ones

Phorcys and Ceto
- sisters of gorgons

16

Whose whereabouts do the Graeae reveal to Perseus?

3 nymps

17

What do the 3 nymphs give Perseus?

cap of invisibility
winged sandals
kibisis

18

What is a kibisis?

a leather pouch

19

What does Hermes give Perseus?

a scimitar

20

In artistic representations, what does Hermes give perseus?

a polished shield

21

In artistic representations, what does Hermes give perseus?

a polished shield

22

The Gorgons

3 gorgons
daughters of phorcys and ceto
2 immortal
1 mortal - medusa

23

Who comes out of Medusa one she is beheaded?

Chrysaor
Pegasus

24

Chrysaor

"he of the golden sword"
- father of Geryon
- less important

25

Pegasus

winged horse
- hoof strikes mt helicon

26

Hippocrene

horse's fountain
- created by pegasus

27

Hippocrene

horse's fountain
- created by pegasus

28

Mother and Father of Andromeda

King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopea
- Ethiopia

29

King Cepheus and Queen Cassiopea

- Mother and Father of Andromeda
- Ethiopa

30

What was Cassiopea's Boast?

More beautiful than nereids

31

Punishment for Cassiopea's Boast

Ethiopia flooded
- Sea monster sent

32

Who does King Cepheus and Cassiopea consult?

Oracle of Zeus Ammon

33

What does the oracle tell Cepheus and Cassiopea

they must sacrifice Andromeda

34

What does the oracle tell Cepheus and Cassiopea

they must sacrifice Andromeda

35

Who is Phineus?

Local hero
Andromeda's Betrothed
- Stoned by Perseus's trophy head

36

Child of Union between Andromeda and Perseus

Perses

37

Perseus

- founder of Perseid / persian dynast
- ancestor of Heracles

38

Later etiologies that came from Medusa's death

libyan snakes came from her blood
- atlas mountains
- coral was seaweed that hardened from the touch of the bag

39

Perseus rescues Danae

- polydectes turned to stone
- dictys new ruler of seriphos
- Danae released
- all go back to argos

40

what happens to all of Perseus's gear when Perseus is done with it?

it all goes back to hErmes

41

Fate of Gorgon head

given to athena
- set on shield now called Goroneion

42

Fate of Gorgon head

given to athena
- set on shield now called Goroneion

43

Sisyphus Grandson

Bellerophon

44

Bellerophon

Grandson of Sisyhpus from Corinth

45

Bellerophon

Grandson of Sisyhpus from Corinth

46

Sthenboea

wife of proteus
- falls for Bellerophon

47

Proteus

King of Tiryns
- Husband of Sthenboea

48

Proteus

King of Tiryns
- Husband of Sthenboea

49

Bellerophon sent to where? with letter?

Lycia
"kill bearer of this letter"

50

What new quest is Bellerophon put on?

Kill Chimera

51

What is a chimera?

head of lion
tail of serpent
midriff of goat

52

Divine help for Bellerophon

Athena

53

what does athena give to bellerophon

- golden bridle to tame pegasus

54

Ultimate Fate of Bellerophon

tries to climb mt. olympus on pegasus's back
- bucked off because zeus sends gadfly
- bellerophon survives but is crippled
-pegasus reaches mt. olympus