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Flashcards in Chapter 21 Deck (56):
1

The comprehensive budget plan linking all the individual budgets related to sales, COGS, operating expenses, projects, capital expenditures, and $.

MASTER BUDGET

2

A method of budgeting that provides for maintain a 12 month projection in to the futura.

CONTINUOUS BUDGETING

3

A concept of budgeting that requires all levels of management to start from zero and estimate budget data as if there had been no previous activities in their units.

ZERO-BASED BUDGETING

4

An accounting device used to plan and control resources of operational departments and divisions.

BUDGET

5

A budget that uses the production budget as a starting point for planning materials requirements.

DIRECT MATERIALS PURCHASES BUDGET

6

The budget summarizing future plans for acquiring plant facilities and equipment.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES BUDGET

7

A budget of estimated unit production.

PRODUCTION BUDGET

8

A budget of estimated direct materials, direct labor, and factory overhead consumed by sold products.

COGS BUDGET

9

A budget that does not adjust to changes in activity levels.

STATIC BUDGET

10

A budget that adjusts for varying rates of activity.

FLEXIBLE BUDGET

11

A budget of estimated cash receipts and payments.

KA$H BUDGET

12

An organizational unit for which a manager is assigned responsibility over costs, revenues, or assets.

RESPONSIBILITY CENTER

13

Excess resources set within a budget to provide for uncertain events.

BUDGETARY SLACK

14

A budget that uses a production budget as a starting point for planning direct labor requirements.

DIRECT LABOR COST BUDGET

15

The document that charts a course of future action for a business by outlining the plans of the business in financial terms is the ______.

BUDGET

16

Establishing specific goals for future operations is part of the _____ function of management.

PLANNING

17

The budgetary units of an organization are called _____ _____.

RESPONSIBILITY CENTERS

18

Comparing actual results to the plan to help prevent unplanned expenditures is part of the ______ function of management.

CONTROLLING

19

A budget that establishes lower goals than may be possible is said to contain budgetary _____.

SLACk

20

When individual objectives are opposed to those that are in the best interests of the business the situation can be described as a(n) _____ ______.

GOAL CONFLICT

21

The length of time for which the operational budget normally is prepared is a(n)

MASTER BUDGET

22

The budget process is started by preparing a sales budget. For each product the sales budget normally indicates the:
_____ _____ _____ and _____ _____ _____ ____.

QUANTITY OF ESTIMATED SALES
EXPECTED UNIT SELLING PRICE

23

The following data are available from the production budget of O'Connor Inc. for Product X:
Expected units of sales.........................................615,000
Estimated units in beginning inventory............ 73,500
Total units to be produced..................................705,500

The desired units in ending inventory are ______.

164,000
(Beg. Inv) + (to be Produced) - (Units sold)

24

The ______ budget is the starting point for determining the estimated quantities of direct material to be purchased.

PRODUCTION

25

The budgets that are used by managers to plan financing, investing, and cash objectives are the _____ ____ _____.

BALANCE SHEET BUDGET

26

The _____ budget presents the expected receipt (inflow) and payment (outflow) of cash for a period of time.

KA$H

27

The ______ _______ budget summarizes plans for acquiring fixed assets.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES

28

The Company production budget for X is 300,000 units. X is mfg'd in 2 departments. DL in Dept. 1 is 0.2 hour per unit at an hourly pay rate of $17. Dept. 2 DL requirements for X are 0.8 hour per unit at an hourly pay rate of $20.
Total hours required for production of X are _______.
Total DL cost is _______.

84,000 hours
$1,500,000

29

Executing actionas to meet the goals of the business is the _________ function of management.

DIRECTING

30

Giving information to employees abut their performance relative to the goals they helped establish is called _________.

FEEDBACK

31

The budget becomes less effective as a tool for planning or controlling operations if employees view budget goals as unachievable. This occurs when the budget is set too _____.

TIGHTLY.

32

the manager of the transportation dept. was directed to stay within the dept. budget. To accomplish this goal, the manager stopped shipping to customers for an entire month. This manager's behavior is said to exhibit ______ ________.

GOAL CONFLICT

33

A variation of fiscal-year budgeting that seeks to maintain a 12-month projection into the future is called ______ ______.

CONTINUOUS BUDGETING

34

______ budgeting requires to estimate sales, production, and other operating data as though operations are being started for the first time.

ZERO-BASED

35

ABC MOTORS established its budget at only one level of activity. This type of budget is called a(n) _________ ________.

STATIC BUDGET

36

LOL Construction Co. prepares its budgets based on 8,000, 9,000, and 10,000 units of productions. This type of budget is known as _______

FLEXIBLE BUDGET

37

_______ budgeting systems speed up and reduce the cost of preparing budgets.

COMPUTERADORA

38

The Budget process begins by estimating ______.

SALES

39

The production budgets are used to prepare the direct materials purchases, direct labor cost, and _____ ____ _____ budgets.

FACTORY OVERHEAD COST

40

The direct materials purchases , direct labor cost, and factory overhead cost budgets are used to develop the ____ ___ ____ ____ budget.

COGS

41

Two major budgets comprising the budgeted balance sheet are the cash budget and the _____ ______ budget

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES

42

THE starting point often used in estimating the quantity of sales for each product in the sales budget is ___ ___ ___.

PAST SALES VOLUME

43

The number of units to be manufactured to meet budgeted sales and inventory needs is set forth in the ______budget.

PRODUCTION

44

The ____ ____ _____ budget is prepared based on the production budget and the estimated labor requirements for each unit of product.

Direct Labor Cost

45

The ____ ____ _____ allows management to assess the effect of the individual budgets on profits for the year.

BUDGETED INCOME STATEMENTS

46

YOLO CO. uses a flexible budgeting system to plan for its mfg operations. The static budget for 9,000 units of production provides for direct labor at $5 per unit and variable electric at $0.60 per unit. Fixed costs are electric power, $1,000, and supervisors salaries of $17,5000.
VARIABLE costs for 10,000 units of prod. are _____.
FIXED costs for 10,000 units of production are _____.

56,000
18,500

47

A zero-based budget is actually a series of budgets for varying rates of activity.

FALSE

48

A budgeting method which provides for maintenance of a 12-month projection into the future is called continuous budgeting.

TRUE

49

Computers are seldom used in the budget process, although computers can reduce the cost of budget prep.

FALSE

50

The # of units of each commodity expected to be manufactured to meet budgeted sales and inventory reqs. is set forth in the prod. budget.

TRUE

51

A schedule of collections from sales is useful for developing a cash budget.

TRUE

52

The amount of the expenditures for fixed assets such as machinery and equipment usually remains fairly constant from year to year.

FALSE

53

Min. cash bal. are maintained to serve as a safety buffer for variations in estimates and for unexpected emergencies.

TRUE

54

The budgeted balance sheet brings together the projection of all profit-making phases of operations.

FALSE

55

The first budget usually prepped is the cash budget.

FALSE

56

The sales budget normally indicates for each product the quantity of estimated sales and the expected unit selling price.

TRUTH