Chapter 21 Flashcards Preview

Goverment H > Chapter 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 21 Deck (22):
1

of another or different, race, family, or kind; composed of a mix of elements

heterogeneous

2

a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there

immigrant

3

land set aside by the United States government for Native Americans

reservation

4

a person who has to leave his or her country to find safety.

refugee

5

Process by which people of one culture merge into and become part of another culture

assimilation

6

separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences

segregation

7

Law to isolate and separate one group of people from another on the basis of race

Jim Crow law

8

the doctrine established by Plessy v Ferguson (1896) that African Americans could constitutionally be kept in separate but equal facilities

separate-but-equal doctrine

9

process of bringing people of different races together

integration

10

segregation that is imposed by law

de jure segregation

11

segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law

de facto segregation

12

a policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group

affirmative action

13

the proportion or share of a larger number of things that a smaller group is assigned to contribute

quota

14

Discrimination against the majority group

reverse discrimination

15

a member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to it by birth or naturalization and is entitled to full civil rights

citizen

16

The law of soil, which determines citizenship based on where a person is born

jus soli

17

The law of blood, which determines citizenship based on one's parents' citizenship.

jus sanguinis

18

the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship

naturalization

19

a citizen of another country

alien

20

migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)

expatriation

21

Process by which a naturalized citizen may involuntarily lose their citizenship.

denaturalization

22

the expulsion from a country of an undesirable alien

deportation