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Flashcards in chapter 23 Deck (58):
1

the important part of the facial treatment that determines skin type, condition, and the recommended treatment is the what?

skin analysis

2

clients who present skin abnormalities, open sores, or fever blisters should be referred to a what?

physician

3

during an analysis procedure, cleansing milk is applied to the skin using what?

upward circular movements

4

when removing cleanser in the eye area , move outward on the upper lid and

inward on the lower

5

oily or dry conditions of the skin that cannot be permanently changed, only improved with treatments are determined by the skin

type

6

the amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands determines the size of the what?

pores

7

obvious pores on the surface of the skin indicate what

oily skin areas

8

dry skin that is not producing enough sebum is also known as what

alipidic

9

skin that appears shiny or greasy from clogged dead cells in the follicle is what

oily skin

10

the difference between closed and open comedones is the size of the follicle opening or

ostium

11

acne bacteria cannot survive in the presence of oxygen and are what

anaerobic

12

pimple that have a pus head are called

pustules

13

dark blotches of color on the skin caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalance are known as what?

hyperpigmentation

14

treatments that produce heat or stimulate the skin should be avoided for clients with the skin disorder what?

rosacea

15

foaming wash off type cleansers contain a detergent that is also known as a what

surfactant

16

products that are designed to rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleanser from the skin are what?

toners

17

cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove dead skin from the what

status corneum

18

the process of removing dead cells from the surface of the skin is

exfoliation

19

a cream type enzyme apple dot the face and rolled off the skin is a

gommage

20

exfoliants that dissolve the bonds and intercellular cement between cells are

alpha hydroxy acids

21

salon alpha hydroxy acid exfoliants are often referred to as what

peels

22

chemical exfoliants that work by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells are also known as what? think fruit peels

enzyme peels

23

an enzyme peel that does not dry the skin and can be used during a steam treatment is the what

powder form

24

products use dot increase the water content of the skin surface are what

moisturizers

25

water binding agents in moisturizers are also known as what

humectants

26

skin products that ave a higher concentration of ingredients are what

serums

27

a lubercating cream that must be thoroughly removed for additional product to penetrate the skin is what'

massage cream

28

oil absorbing masks that have an exfoliating and astringent effect making large pores appear smaller are what

clay based masks

29

masks contain hydrator sand soothing ingredients that do not dry hard and can be used on sensitive skin are

gel mask

30

masks that contain special crystals and dry to a plaster lie consistency are what

modelage masks

31

a thin, open meshed cotton fabric that is used to hold mask products on the face is what

gauze

32

the manual or mechanical manipulations of the body by rubbing , kneading, or other movements is

massage

33

the impact of a massage treatment depends on the amount of pressure, direction of movement and what

duration of manipulation

34

the direction of movement in manage should always be from insertion of the muscle towards its what

origins

35

a light continuous , stroking movement applied with the fingers or palms is what

effleurage

36

every massage should begin and end with which massage movement

effleurage

37

a kneading movement that is performed by lifting squeezing and pressing tissue with light , firm pressure is what

petrissage

38

a deep ruling massage movement in which pressure is applied to the skin while moving over an underlying structure is what

friction

39

a stimulating form of massage that consists of short , quick tapping , slapping and hacking movements is what

tapotement

40

the point over a muscle where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle is the what

motor point

41

to soften skin tissues and follicle accumulations making them easier to extract, it is recommended to first use a what

facial steamer

42

to provide a buffer for the skin when using a brushing machine, apply a thick layer of cleaner or what

moisturizer

43

an application used to direct electric current from a machine to the clients skin is a what

electrode

44

high frequency electrotherapy machines have how many electrodes

one

45

The process of using galvanic current to enable water soluble products that contain ions to penetrate the skin is

iontophoresis

46

nikolas tells is credited with discovering what

high frequency current

47

light therapy using a light emitting diode (led) uses blue light to treat skin that is what

acne prone

48

a mechanical exfoliation that uses a closed vacuum to shoot crystals onto the skin is what

microdermabrasion

49

during a light ray treatment, the clients eyes should be protected with what

cotton pads

50

the therapeutic use of essential oils for beauty and health treatment is what

aromatherapy

51

oily or fatty ingredients that prevent posture from leaving the skin

emollients

52

negative electrode on a galvanic machine

cathode

53

distended or dilated surface blood vessels

telangiectasias

54

process of softening and emulsifying harder sebum stuck in the hair follicles

desincrustation

55

pressing and twisting the tissue with a fast back and forth movement

rolling

56

chopping movement performed with edges of the hand

hacking

57

individual doses of serum , sealed in small vials

ampoules

58

areas of skin with distended capillaries and diffuse redness

couperose