Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

social studies > Chapter 23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (55):
1

Loyalty to a nation and promotion of its intersects above all others

Nationalism

2

A buildup of military strength within a country

Militarism

3

The distribution of power among nations so that no single nation can dominate or interfere with another

Balance of power

4

Ideas or information designed and spread to Influence opinion

Propaganda

5

Government in which one person has unlimited power

Autocracy

6

A region where warfare is taking place

Front

7

a temporary peace agreement to end fighting

Armistice

8

Disagreement with or opposition to an opinion

Dissent

9

Person who believes industries should be publicly owned and run by the government rather than by private individuals

Socialist

10

Person opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes

Pacifist

11

Spying

Espionage

12

Payment by the losing country in a war to the winner for the damages caused by war

Ceparations

13

Which countries were the triple alliance.

Germany
Italy
Austria-Hungary

14

Which countries were in the triple entente

Great Britain
Russia
France

15

Why did each group pledge

To back its member nations in case of trouble.

16

What happened that cause ww1

A shooting in serbia

17

Who was shot in the event.

Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary along with his wife

18

Where was the shooting

Sarajevo serbia

19

Who was the shooter

A Serbian nationalist whose name was Gavrilo Princip

20

When was the shooting

June 28 1914

21

What did the assassin want

Serbian independence from Austria-Hungary

22

What did the assassination lead to

AH to declare war on Serbia

23

Because it believed it was the protector of the Slavic ppls of Europe who declares war on AH leading who to declare war bc if their alliance

Russia
Germany

24

What were the two sides in the Great War

Central powers
Allied powers

25

Which countries were the allied powers

France
Russia
Japan (1914)
Italy(1915)
America(1917)
Great Britain

26

Which countries were the central powers

AH
Germany
Obama Empire

27

What were some new technologies used during the war

Poisen gas
Armored tanks
Air planes
Submarines

28

Most Americans believed what about the war

Did not concern them

29

What did Wilson promise

He will keep America out of the war

30

What made the Americans choose a side

Their cultural heritage

31

Which side was more popular for the Mericans Why

Allies
Most had British ancestry

32

What did both sides use to get more ppl

Propaganda

33

How did staying neutral effect USA

Economic boom
Sold war materials to both sides
And loaned money to allied nations

34

What did Germany do in 1815

Sinking Ships entering British ports
Making it difficult for USA to trade

35

What made USA closer to declaring war

Germany sank the Lusitania

36

What was the name of the pledge Germany took and what does it do. Did they follow it

Sussex Pledge
Germany must warn passenger ships b4 attacking
No

37

When was the Zimmerman telegraph intercepted

1917

38

What did the ZF prove

That Germany was trying to get Mexico to attack the USA so that the USA would be to preoccupied to join the war

39

When did USA declare war

April 16, 1917

40

What act was passed that built USA military. Through the draft

Selective service act

41

What did USA do safely get USA troops and supplies across

USA hunted and destroyed German submarines
USA ships began to travel in large convoys for protection

42

Who withdrew from the Great War in late 1917 and how did this effect things

Russia
Allowed Germany to move troops to the western front

43

Allied forces began to push into German territory after an allied victory at which battle

Battle of Argonne forest

44

When was an armistice declared
What was an effect

Novak 11 1918
All German troops located west of the Rhine river were pulled back

45

Encouraged businesses to give into worker demands to keep production if war materials high and in order to avoid strike

National war labor board

46

We're sold to American citizens and were a way for citizens to loan money to the federal government to fight and win the war

Liberty bonda

47

Asked farmers to produce more food and citizens to eat less and ration

Food administration

48

Hoped to persuade Americans that the war was a battle for freedom and democracy

Committee on public information

49

What was Wilson's plan called

The 14 points

50

Name 7 of the 14 points

National self determination
Free trade
Freedom of the seas
An end to secret treaties
Arms reduction
Creation of League of Nations to bring the worlds nations together in order to solve conflicts through discussion

51

What treaty ends the war

The treaty of Versailles

52

Which country was made to take full responsibility for the far and pay billions in reparations to the allied nations

Germany

53

Which country was made to disarm completely and give up over sea colonies

Germany

54

New nations were formed from parts of which countries

Russia
AH

55

Who rejected the treaty. Why

USA senate bc it included the league if nations. They signed separate treaties.