Chapter 23-Great Depression & New Deal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23-Great Depression & New Deal Deck (33):
1

What public works project was "too little, too late" started by Herbert Hoover in 1932?

Hoover Dam

2

What ecological disaster struck the nation's mid-section during the 1930s?

Dust Bowl

3

Which state, dominated by the coal mine industry, was devastated by the collapse of that industry during the Great Depression?

West Virginia

4

Who was the Democratic presidential candidate in 1928 but was defeated by Herbert Hoover?

Al Smith, from New York City and a Catholic

5

How was Franklin Roosevelt and Theodore Roosevelt related?

Distant cousins, though Eleanor Roosevelt was Teddy's niece.

6

What disease did Franklin Roosevelt have to deal with as president?

polio

7

Franklin Roosevelt was an experienced politician, serving in the ______ administration as a progressive and Secretary of the Navy.

Woodrow Wilson's Administration

8

How did Hoover and FDR cooperate during the winter of 1932-1933?

No cooperation after the election until March 1933 when FDR becomes president...The Depression was Hoover's fault says FDR!!!

9

What did FDR proclaim during his first hours as president to calm peoples fears?

A Bank Holiday to save from bank runs leading to panic.

10

What is commonly called the 15 big laws passed during FDR's __________ providing nationwide relief in 1933?

FDR's Hundred Days

11

FDR uses _______ to speak directly to the American people to calm and inform them of his plans to ease the suffering of the Great Depression.

Fireside Chats on the radio

12

What is FDR's economic plan called to solve the Great Depression?

New Deal

13

This was a Relief programs for artists, musicians, and writers.

WPA

14

Who led the controversial make work program called the Works Progress Administration (WPA)?

Harry Hopkins

15

What was the law passed and the administration created that used the "Blue Eagle" as a national symbol for industry and labor working together to solve the Great Depression

National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) and National Recovery Administration (NRA)

16

The relief program provided direct government construction jobs.

Public Works Administration (PWA)

17

He was in charge of the Public Works Administration (PWA)

Harold Ickes

18

This relief agency loaned money for government projects at an incredible speed to jump start the economy.

Federal Emergency Recovery Administration (FERA)

19

Who was charged to lead the Federal Emergency Recovery Administration (FERA)?

Harry Hopkins

20

This relief agency was to provide jobs for environmental protection projects.

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

21

This restructuring administration would investigate problems in the stock market.

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

22

This restructuring agency was tasked with building many dams to produce electricity.

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

23

This restructuring agency protected workers' rights to a 40 hour work week and child labor.

Fair Labor Standards Act

24

This reform agency was created to provide pensions for retirees and the disabled people.

Social Security Administration

25

This reform agency was created to protect bank savings accounts from defaulting banks.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

26

FDR eliminated the Gold Standard and placed the economy into a government _______ spending plan endorsed by _________ economics

deficit spending endorsed by Maynard Keynes, an British Economist

27

The reform law guaranteed workers rights to organize unions.

Wagner Act

28

She was the first woman cabinet member

Secretary of Labor Francis Perkins

29

He was a proponent of "Share Our Wealth Societies" and seen as a dominant power in Louisiana with presidential ambitions as the depression continued on and on.

Senator Huey P. Long

30

The Supreme Court's ________ decision, (aka "Sick Chicken Decision) destroyed the NIRA and NRA and eventually led to the _________

Schechter Decision led to the 2nd New Deal, a more radical program of Relief, Restructure, and Reform

31

This was a very conservative Republican organization opposed to FDR's New Deal Programs

American Liberty League

32

This Roosevelt plan forces the judges on the Supreme Court to moderate and become more liberal minded but also demonstrates the increasingly dictatorial power of FDR.

FDR's Court Packing Plan...not accepted by the Congress

33

Lasting results of the Great Depression and Federal power was

increased Federal Control over the economy even to modern day