Chapter 24,25,27 Study Guide Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 24,25,27 Study Guide Deck (31):
1

Identify José de San Martín. 24.1

Liberated parts of Spanish-Speaking South America

2

Identify Miguel Hidalgo. 24.1

Leader in the independence movement in Mexico.

3

Identify Simon Bolivar. 24.1

Liberated parts of Spanish-Speaking South America.

4

How did the Napoleonic Wars have an effect on Latin America independence movements? 24.1.

European countries forced to concentrate on European matters.

5

Which group in Europe would support traditional monarchies in Europe? 24.2

Conservatives

6

Define Nationalism 24.3

A person whose loyalties are with people in whom share a common culture.

7

Which two European countries formed through a process of unification 24.3

Germany & Italy

8

What war did Otto von Bismarck use to gain support of Germans in the South? 24.3

The Franco- Prussian war

9

Define Realpolitik 24.3

The politics of reality- tough politics of Otto van Bismarck.

10

What were the main results of the enclosure system? 25.1

Farming efficiently which eventually led to a rise of cities

11

The first factories of England revolved around what industry? 25.1

Textile Production

12

What specific place were inventions such as the water frame and spinning mule used? 25.1

Inventions that modernized factories

13

Define entrepreneur. 25.1

Business person normally an owner or investor with risk

14

What was one of the downsides of factory life? 25.2

Poor factory working conditions

15

What were the positives of the Industrial revolution 25.2

Improved overall standard of living, women were able to work outside the home, improved transportation, availability of machine made goods.

16

List the 4 factors of production that drove the industrial Revolution. 25.1

Land, labor, Capital, and entrepreneurship

17

Overall, the Industrial Revolution had what effect on European standard of living? 25.1

Improved standard of living.

18

Define a stockholder. 25.3

A holder of stock in a corporation and not personally responsible for the debts. Beneficial to investing.

19

Who wrote Wealth of Nation defending a free market economy? 25.4

Adam Smith

20

Who is German journalist concerned with the haves and have nots created a societal system known as communism? 25.4

Karl Marx

21

In a capitalistic society, what role does the individual play in the economy of the nation? 25.4

The individual makes decisions with the goal being profit.

22

Identify Menelik II how did he help Ethiopia stay independent? 27.2

Exploited European rivalries and built a modern army & he was Ethiopian.

23

What was the name of this conference held in Europe 1884-1885 that had the objective of stopping Europeans powers from fighting over Africa? 27.1

Berlin Conference- put rules for division of Africa said Europe can take land from Africa but must tell the other nations.

24

What is the difference between European colonies and protectorates in Africa? 27.2

Their government structure

25

Define oppression? 27

Kept down or treated poorly

26

Define white mans burden/ paternalism. 27.1

Watched over and taken care of the Europeans were justified with imperialism because they were better than the other people

27

Which country lost the Crieman War? 27.3

Russia

28

What was an important sea lane that England took over from Egypt? 27.3

The suez canal

29

What colony was called Englands jewel in the crown because of the valuable resources? 27.4

India

30

What were forces that drove imperialism? 27.1

Money, land, power, resources, marketplace, competition, christianity, racism

31

What Latin American group led (spearheaded) the Latin American Revolutions? 24.1

Creoles spearheaded independence movements in Latin America.