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Flashcards in Chapter 24 Deck (15):
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Biosphere

Part of the earth that supports life, including the top portion of earth's crust, the atmosphere, and all the water on Earth's surface.

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Carrying capacity

Largest number of individuals of a particular species that an ecosystem can support overtime.

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Commensalism

A type of symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other organism is not affected.

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Community

All the populations of different species of that live in an ecosystem.

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Consumer

Organism that cannot create energy rich molecules but obtains its food by eating other organisms.

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Ecology

Study of interactions that take place among organisms and their environment.

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Ecosystem

All the living organisms that live in an area and the nonliving features of their environment.

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Habitat

Place where an organism lives and that provides the types of foods, shelter, moisture, and temperature needed for survival.

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Limiting factor

Anything that can restrict the size of a population including living and nonliving features of an ecosystem such as predators or drought.

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Mutualism

A type of symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit.

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Niche

In an ecosystem, refers to the unique ways and organism survives, obtains food and shelter, and avoid danger.

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Parasitism

A type of symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other organism is harmed.

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Population

All the organisms that belong to the same species living in a community.

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Producer

Organism, such as a green plants or alga, That uses an outside source of energy like the sun to create energy rich food molecules.

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Symbiosis

Any close relationship between species, including mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.