Chapter 24-World War II, Part A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 24-World War II, Part A Deck (46):
1

Dictator of Germany

Adolph Hitler

2

Hitler's political party

National Socialists (Nazis)

3

Hitler's book

Mein Kampf (My Struggle)

4

Lebensraum was the essence of Hitler's desire for ______

Living Space for his Aryan Race in Eastern Europe

5

He was an Anti-Communist German Dictator

Adolph Hitler

6

These were Anti-Jewish Laws passed in Germany

Nuremberg Laws

7

This was called the Night of Broken Glass that began the official persecution of the Jews in Germany in 1938.

Kristallnacht

8

This German organization spread fear through Nazi occupied Europe.

Gestapo

9

The victims of the Holocaust included

Jews, homosexuals, disabled people, Gypsies, and Slavs

10

This was a Concentration camp

Buchenwald

11

This was an extermination (death) camp

Auschwitz

12

This ship brought Jewish refugees to the US but was not allowed to unload the passengers because of anti-Jewish feelings in the US

SS St. Louis

13

The Wannsee Conference was the official beginning for the _______ of the Jewish question by the Nazis.

Final Solution

14

_____ was a young Jewish girl that hid and wrote a diary of her experience during the Holocaust in The Netherlands

Anne Frank

15

Italian Fascist Dictator

Benito Mussolini

16

Spanish Fascist Dictator

Francisco Franco

17

Soviet Communist Dictator

Joseph Stalin

18

Stalin used _______ for his industrialization and collective farms programs in the Soviet Union.

Central Planning

19

This country's military was in-fact its dictators and wanted expansion into China

Japan

20

Which two countries assisted Francisco Franco efforts to control Spain.

Germany and Italy

21

This was supposed to protect France from an invasion by Germany.

Maginot Line

22

Anschluss was Hitler's take over of this country.

Austria

23

At Munich, British and French diplomats chose to _____ Hitler, selling out their own allies the Czechs.

appeasement

24

This Polish city was demanded by Hitler that led to the beginning of World War II.

Danzig

25

This secret pact allowed Hitler to attack Poland without fear of communist counter attack.

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

26

This country was split by Hitler and Stalin in 1939.

Poland

27

What type of warfare did Germany use to defeat their enemies?

Blitzkrieg

28

This was when Britain and France declared war but did not attack for 6 months.

Sitzkrieg or Phony War

29

What three Northern European countries did Hitler attack to get around the French Maginot Line.

Belgium, Luxembourg, and The Netherlands

30

This battle was a "Miracle of Deliverance" because the British and many French soldiers escape from the Nazis.

Dunkirk

31

What two military forces fight in the Battle of Britain?

Royal Air Force and the Luftwaffe

32

What southern European nations did Hitler conquer?

Yugoslavia and Greece

33

On June 22, 1941, Hitler invades ______

Stalin's Soviet Union

34

Name three central European nations that join Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union?

Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria

35

What portion of Asia did the Japanese conquer in 1936?

Manchuria, China

36

What American territories were attacked by the Japanese in 1941?

Philippines, Aleutian Island (Alaska), and Hawaii

37

What African Territories were controlled by the Italians in the 1930s?

Ethiopia and Libya

38

This was a group of Americans who wanted to pursue a policy of Isolationism and to stay out of the war in Europe during the 1930s.

America First Committee

39

The _____ Act would only allow combatants to buy with cash and to only carry arms using their own boats.

Neutrality Act of 1939

40

The ______ for Bases Deal would help defend British shipping in the Atlantic Ocean.

Destroyers for Bases Deal

41

This weapon was Germany's most important weapon in the Atlantic Ocean

U-Boats or submarines

42

This US destroyer was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boats before US declares war.

Reuben James

43

The ____ purpose was to ally the US with the British and protect allied shipping and create a hemispheric defense zone.

Atlantic Charter

44

The ______ Act was to help the British (later other allied nations like the Soviets) with arms that they would only barrow.

Lend-Lease act

45

This strategic material was embargoed against Japan because of their invasions of China and Indochina in 1941.

Oil embargo

46

This was attacked the by Japanese on December 7, 1941.

Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hawaii