Flashcards in Chapter 25: Diagnosis and Treatment of Stroke Deck (16):
True or false: A CT scan cannot distinguish a cerebral infarct from a cerebral hemorrhage.
False; infarct appears less dense than brain tissue (b/c it is swollen by edema); hemorrhage appears more dense (b/d blood is denser than brain)
What dx tool can be used to analyze blood flow in carotid arteries?
What can provide similar information as a CT scan, is more sensitive and precise, but is also more time consuming.
What type of drugs can be used to dissolve a clot, but can also cause a high risk of bleeding?
For which type of stroke would thrombolytics be an option?
Cerebral thrombosis and cerebral embolysim
How can extracranial vascular disease (e.g., caraotid artery narrowing) be dx?
By angiogram or ultrasound
Surgical procedure for removing arteriosclerotic plaques from the carotid artery.
What are two ways to treat a blocked carotid artery? Which is better?
1) Carotid endarterectomy
2) Balloon angioplasty/stent
What do the physical symptoms of stroke depend on?
Size and location of stroke
True or false: Effects of stroke occur in the same side of the body as the injured part of the brain.
False; opposite side
What is the #1 cause of disability?
What percentage of stroke patients recover most function?
What % of stroke patients can live at home with assistance?
What percent of stroke patients must move to a long-term care facility?
True or false: Nerve damage is reversible.
False; nerve damage is permanent