Chapter 25: Diagnosis and Treatment of Stroke Flashcards Preview

Human Disease: Exam 3 > Chapter 25: Diagnosis and Treatment of Stroke > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 25: Diagnosis and Treatment of Stroke Deck (16):
1

True or false: A CT scan cannot distinguish a cerebral infarct from a cerebral hemorrhage.

False; infarct appears less dense than brain tissue (b/c it is swollen by edema); hemorrhage appears more dense (b/d blood is denser than brain)

2

What dx tool can be used to analyze blood flow in carotid arteries?

Ultrasound

3

What can provide similar information as a CT scan, is more sensitive and precise, but is also more time consuming.

MRI

4

What type of drugs can be used to dissolve a clot, but can also cause a high risk of bleeding?

Thrombolytics

5

For which type of stroke would thrombolytics be an option?

Cerebral thrombosis and cerebral embolysim

6

How can extracranial vascular disease (e.g., caraotid artery narrowing) be dx?

By angiogram or ultrasound

7

Surgical procedure for removing arteriosclerotic plaques from the carotid artery.

Carotid endarterectomy

8

What are two ways to treat a blocked carotid artery? Which is better?

1) Carotid endarterectomy
(best)
2) Balloon angioplasty/stent

9

What do the physical symptoms of stroke depend on?

Size and location of stroke

10

True or false: Effects of stroke occur in the same side of the body as the injured part of the brain.

False; opposite side

11

What is the #1 cause of disability?

Stroke

12

What percentage of stroke patients recover most function?

`10%

13

What % of stroke patients can live at home with assistance?

40%

14

What percent of stroke patients must move to a long-term care facility?

50%

15

True or false: Nerve damage is reversible.

False; nerve damage is permanent

16

Since nerve damage is permanent, how is it possible for brain "re-training" to occur?

Other areas of the brain can take over some functions.

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