Chapter 25: Other Types of Neurologic Dysfunction Flashcards Preview

Human Disease: Exam 3 > Chapter 25: Other Types of Neurologic Dysfunction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 25: Other Types of Neurologic Dysfunction Deck (11):
1

Temporary symptoms of neurological dysfunction ("ministroke")

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

2

True or false: TIAs fully resolve within 24 hours.

True

3

What percentage of patients suffer a major stroke following a TIA?

1/3

4

By how much does a past TIA increase one's risk of stroke?

10x

5

What usually causes a TIA?

Embolism from a carotid artery plaque that blocks a small cerebral artery.

6

What is the treatment for a TIA?

1) Carotid endarterectomy
2) Drugs to reduce thrombi
3) Reduce risk factors

7

What is the second most common cause of dementia (following Alzheimer's)?

Multi-Infarct Vascular Dementia

8

What causes Multi-Infarct Vascular Dementia?

Vascular disease (due to hypertension, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia); results in blockages that may damage brain tissue without causing motor neuron disturbances or paralysis (repeated, small strokes)

9

What percentage of A-fib patients have silent strokes?

1/2

10

How is Multi-Infarct Vascular Dementia diagnosed?

CT, MRI

11

How is Multi-Infarct Vascular Dementia treated?

Treating causes (e.g., hypertension)

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