Flashcards in chapter 25-World War II, Part B Deck (48):
Hitler's war plans included these three parts.
Destroying Soviet Industry
Destroying British morale with a bombing campaign
Blockade British Islands with U-Boats
Japan's was plans included these three parts
Defeating US Navy in Hawaii and Philippines
Conquering South Pacific and Southeast Asia
Threaten Australia and India with Invasions
To attack and push back on the edges of the Nazi Empire is called attacking the ____.
In 1943, Allied attacks on the Nazi Empire occurred in these areas of North Africa.
General Eisenhower invades North Africa with Operation _____. in November 1942.
Allied war plans in the South Pacific against Japan was called _____.
The United Nations officially replaces the ______ in 1944 with the primary task of defeating the Axis Powers.
League of Nations
In 1941, The Battle of _____ was the Nazi Air campaign's to destroy the people's morale.
Battle of Britain
The Nazi invasion of Egypt was turned back by the British 8th Army at ______ in August 1942.
Battle of El Alamein
On June 22, 1941, Hitler's Nazi armies invade ____ with Operation Barbarosa
_____ was the turning point battle in the Soviet Union during the winter of 1942-1943.
During the Battle of the Atlantic, U-boats and Destroyers fight head to head until these two new technologies change the outcome of the battle in 1943.
Radar and Sonar
This was considered by Winston Churchill as the "soft underbellie" of Hitler's European Empire.
After the tough fighting up the Italian boot and an amphibious landing at Anzio, _____ was captured in June 1944.
Even after Italy surrenders, the German armies counterattack and put _____ back into power in Italy in 1944.
The _____ of Europe was to target railroads, oil production, aircraft factories and the morale of the German people
Allied strategic bombing campaign
The ______ demanded a second front in Europe to relieve the pressure the Nazis were causing on the eastern front in 1942, 1943, and 1944.
Operation Overlord was the Allied invasion of ____
Normandy on D-Day, June 6, 1944
This D-Day beach was the hardest fought over beach during the entire invasion.
In the summer of 1944, American and Allied forces fought against the Nazis in Normandy in fields surrounded by _______ with the final push through the city of St. Lo, France.
This European battle was Hitler's final attempt to defeat the Allied armies in the Ardennes Forest with the ultimate target of capturing the port of Antwerp
Battle of the Bulge.
These were the trials of Nazi war criminals.
This was celebrated on May 7, 1945.
V-E Day or Victory in Europe Day
This was the first strike back on the Japanese home islands by the US Air Forces.
These two battles were the turning point battles in the Pacific during World War II
Midway and Guadalcanal
The key to the battle of Midway was the breaking of the ______
Japanese secret code
_______ promised the _______ that "I shall return" as he escaped capture in 1942.
Gen. MacArthur promised the Philippines
These were floating trucks used during invasions by the Allied armies.
These were floating tractors and tanks used during invasions by the Allied armies.
These Japanese suicide pilots had a dreadful impact on Americans ships
This island was vital as a stepping stone for air attacks on Japan itself using B-29 Superfortresses in 1945.
This invasion prepared for the actual planned invasion of the Japanese home islands in 1945.
This was the secret project to develop an atomic bomb.
The ____ and _____ were the names of the first atomic bombs
Little Boy and Fat Man
This two cities were destroyed by the atomic bombs
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
This is celebrated when Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers.
V-J Day or Victory over Japan Day
The ______Act was passed to build an American army of GIs (government issued soldiers)
She was a symbol of the women war workers in the factories
Rosie the Riveter
Women who serviced in the military but were not in combat roles were called ___
WACs or Womens Army Corps
The _____ were the most famous African American flyers during World War II.
African American soldiers were often called _______.
The _________ was to coordinated war production with a cost-plus system of guaranteed profits.
Office of War Mobilization
The _______ was to ration consumer goods for military use along with wages and prices.
Office of Price Administration
These were made by civilians so that more commercially produced food could go for the war effort
Factories _______ so that they could provide military equipment during the war rather than consumer goods.
re-tooled from cars to tanks, refrigerators to airplanes, toasters to bombs
These quickly built ships were America's answer to U-boat warfare.
This naval tactic was used so that U-boats had difficulty sinking merchant ships