chapter 25-World War II, Part B Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 25-World War II, Part B Deck (48):
1

Hitler's war plans included these three parts.

Destroying Soviet Industry
Destroying British morale with a bombing campaign
Blockade British Islands with U-Boats

2

Japan's was plans included these three parts

Defeating US Navy in Hawaii and Philippines
Conquering South Pacific and Southeast Asia
Threaten Australia and India with Invasions

3

To attack and push back on the edges of the Nazi Empire is called attacking the ____.

Periphery

4

In 1943, Allied attacks on the Nazi Empire occurred in these areas of North Africa.

Algeria
Morocco
Egypt

5

General Eisenhower invades North Africa with Operation _____. in November 1942.

Torch

6

Allied war plans in the South Pacific against Japan was called _____.

Island Hopping

7

The United Nations officially replaces the ______ in 1944 with the primary task of defeating the Axis Powers.

League of Nations

8

In 1941, The Battle of _____ was the Nazi Air campaign's to destroy the people's morale.

Battle of Britain

9

The Nazi invasion of Egypt was turned back by the British 8th Army at ______ in August 1942.

Battle of El Alamein

10

On June 22, 1941, Hitler's Nazi armies invade ____ with Operation Barbarosa

Soviet Union

11

_____ was the turning point battle in the Soviet Union during the winter of 1942-1943.

Stalingrad

12

During the Battle of the Atlantic, U-boats and Destroyers fight head to head until these two new technologies change the outcome of the battle in 1943.

Radar and Sonar

13

This was considered by Winston Churchill as the "soft underbellie" of Hitler's European Empire.

Italy

14

After the tough fighting up the Italian boot and an amphibious landing at Anzio, _____ was captured in June 1944.

Rome

15

Even after Italy surrenders, the German armies counterattack and put _____ back into power in Italy in 1944.

Benito Mussolini

16

The _____ of Europe was to target railroads, oil production, aircraft factories and the morale of the German people

Allied strategic bombing campaign

17

The ______ demanded a second front in Europe to relieve the pressure the Nazis were causing on the eastern front in 1942, 1943, and 1944.

Soviets

18

Operation Overlord was the Allied invasion of ____

Normandy on D-Day, June 6, 1944

19

This D-Day beach was the hardest fought over beach during the entire invasion.

Omaha Beach

20

In the summer of 1944, American and Allied forces fought against the Nazis in Normandy in fields surrounded by _______ with the final push through the city of St. Lo, France.

Hedgerows

21

This European battle was Hitler's final attempt to defeat the Allied armies in the Ardennes Forest with the ultimate target of capturing the port of Antwerp

Battle of the Bulge.

22

These were the trials of Nazi war criminals.

Nuremberg Trials

23

This was celebrated on May 7, 1945.

V-E Day or Victory in Europe Day

24

This was the first strike back on the Japanese home islands by the US Air Forces.

Doolittle Raid

25

These two battles were the turning point battles in the Pacific during World War II

Midway and Guadalcanal

26

The key to the battle of Midway was the breaking of the ______

Japanese secret code

27

_______ promised the _______ that "I shall return" as he escaped capture in 1942.

Gen. MacArthur promised the Philippines

28

These were floating trucks used during invasions by the Allied armies.

DUKWs

29

These were floating tractors and tanks used during invasions by the Allied armies.

amphracs

30

These Japanese suicide pilots had a dreadful impact on Americans ships

Kamikaze

31

This island was vital as a stepping stone for air attacks on Japan itself using B-29 Superfortresses in 1945.

Iwo Jima

32

This invasion prepared for the actual planned invasion of the Japanese home islands in 1945.

Okinawa

33

This was the secret project to develop an atomic bomb.

Manhattan Project

34

The ____ and _____ were the names of the first atomic bombs

Little Boy and Fat Man

35

This two cities were destroyed by the atomic bombs

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

36

This is celebrated when Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers.

V-J Day or Victory over Japan Day

37

The ______Act was passed to build an American army of GIs (government issued soldiers)

Selective Service

38

She was a symbol of the women war workers in the factories

Rosie the Riveter

39

Women who serviced in the military but were not in combat roles were called ___

WACs or Womens Army Corps

40

The _____ were the most famous African American flyers during World War II.

Tuskegee Airmen

41

African American soldiers were often called _______.

Buffalo Soldiers

42

The _________ was to coordinated war production with a cost-plus system of guaranteed profits.

Office of War Mobilization

43

The _______ was to ration consumer goods for military use along with wages and prices.

Office of Price Administration

44

These were made by civilians so that more commercially produced food could go for the war effort

Victory Gardens

45

Factories _______ so that they could provide military equipment during the war rather than consumer goods.

re-tooled from cars to tanks, refrigerators to airplanes, toasters to bombs

46

These quickly built ships were America's answer to U-boat warfare.

Liberty ships

47

This naval tactic was used so that U-boats had difficulty sinking merchant ships

convoys

48

Many _____ were sent to ______ because of the fear of spies and sabotage after Pearl Harbor.

Japanese Americans were sent to internment camps