Chapter 26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 26 Deck (19):
1

Cystitis

Infection of the urinary bladder

caused by the bacteria

Escherichia coli

characterized by

Dysuria and Pyuria

2

Pyelonephritis

Infection of the kidneys

caused by the bacteria

Escherichia coli

characterized by

Tenderness around the Kindneys, lower back pain
 

3

Glomerulonephritis

Inflammation of the Glomerulus

associated with an infections by the bacteria

Streptococus pyogenes

characterized by

Proteinuria, Hematuria, and Oliguria

 

4

Leptosporosis

Infection of the Kidney

caused by the bacteria

Leptospira interrogans

transmitted by

water contaminated with animal urine
 

5

Gonococcal Urethritis

Infection of the Genital Tract

caused by the bacteria

Neisseria gonorrhea

characterized by

Gram Negative Diplococci inside of Leucocytes

 

6

Vaginal Candidiasis

An Opportunistic Infection of the Vagina

caused by the fungus

Candida albicans

characterized by the presence of

Budding Ovoid Eukaryotic Cells
 

7

Genital Herpes

Infection of the Genital Tract

caused by the virus

Herpes Simplex Type 2

characterized by

Reoccuring Infectious Vesicles on the Genitalia

 

8

Bacterial Vaginalosis

An Opportunistic Infection of the Genital Tract

caused by the bacteria

Gardnerella vaginalis

characterized by

"Clue cells", sloughed off epithelial cells coverd with bacteria
 

9

Syphilis

Infection of the Genital Tract and Entire Body

caused by the bacteria

Treponema pallidum

characterized by

Chancres and Gummas

 

 

10

Trichomoniasis

Infection of the Vagina

caused by the protozoa

Trichomonas vaginalis

characterized by the presence of

Flagellated Eukaryotic Cells
 

11

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Infection of the Genital Tract

caused by toxins released from the bacterium

Staphylococcus aureus

which is induced to produce toxins by

Environmental Conditions

 

12

Nongonococcal Urethritis

Infection of the Genital Tract

caused by the bacteria

Chlamydia trachomatis

which is a

Major Cause of Sterility in Men
 

13

Genital Warts

Infection of the Genital Tract

caused by the virus

Human Papilloma Virus

which may be

Precancerous in Females

 

14

Genital Tract Defenses

Lactobacillus

in the genital tract

Produce Acids

when

Estrogen and Glycogen Levels are High 

 

15

1) Normal microbiota of the adult vagina consist primarily of …
A) Lactobacillus.
B) Streptococcus.
C) Mycobacterium.
D) Neisseria.
E) Candida.


 

A) Lactobacillus.

16

2) Cystitis is most often caused by …
A) Escherichia coli.
B) Leptospira interrogans.
C) Candida albicans.
D) Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

A) ESCHERICHIA COLI

17

Is syphilis decreasing or increasing? 

Recent increase 

18

Prolonged or repeated infections of neisseria gonorrhea may lead to ____________?

Sterility or pelvic inflammatory disease 

19

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is not serious but may be?

Precancerous in females

A new anti caner vaccine