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Flashcards in Chapter 26 Deck (72):
0

The detention centers where Japanese-Americans were moved to and confine during World War II

internment camps

1

The deliberate destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group

Genocide

2

During World War II, a Japanese suicide pilot his mission was to crash into it is target

Kamikaze

3

A leader who rules with total authority, often in a cruel or brutal manner

Dictator

4

Hostility toward or discrimination against Jews

Anti-Semitism

5

Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict

Appeasement

6

Name given to the sudden violent offense attacks the Germans used during World War II; lightning war

Blitzkreig

7

Removal of weapons

Disarmament

8

Gathering resources and preparing for

Mobilization

9

To give out scarce items on a limited basis

Ration

10

What nation was Mussolini from

Italy

11

What party was Mussolini from

Fascist party

12

What did Mussolini want to do

Build up military

13

What did Mussolini promise

Recapture the glory of ancient Rome

14

What did Mussolini do in 1935

Sent Italian forces to Ethiopia and annexed it

15

What did Mussolini do 1939

Annexed Albania

16

What nation is Adolfo hitler from

Germany

17

What party is Hitler from

Nazi

18

What did Hitler believe

That Germans were superior to all other races

19

What did hitler promote

The idea of anti-Semitism

20

Who did Hitler form an alliance with a 1936

Italy

21

What nation is Stallon from

Soviet Union

22

What party is Stalin from

Communist Party

23

What did Stalin do to rivals

He educated rivals or put them into labor camps

24

How did Stalin reorganize the economy

Forced millions to work on government owned farms

25

What nation is Hirohito from

Japan

26

What kind of dictatorship did Hirohito have

Military dictatorship

27

What did Hirohito believe in

Believed expanding territory would solve economic problems

28

What did hirohito expand to and when did he do it

Invaded Manchuria in 1931

29

What are the three nations that form the axis powers in 1939

Japan, Italy, and Germany

30

Explain the neutrality acts

US would not sell weapons to nations at war
These items would also not be sold to nations that could not pay cash

31

German territorial expansion (March 1936 – September 1938)

Czechoslovakia Rhineland

32

What was the name of the conference Hitler had with other nations

Munich conference

33

What did Hitler promised UK and France

Hitler promises UK and France there would be no more territorial expansion

34

What happened after the Munich conference

The rest of Czechoslovakia was invaded by Germany

35

What was the Soviet – German nonaggression pact

Germany and the Soviet Union promise not to attack each other

36

What did the Soviet – German nonaggression pact do

This agreement freed germany to invade Poland in 1939

37

When does Germany invaded Poland

September 1, 1939

38

What two countries declare war on that Germany

France and Great Britain

39

Does Germany successfully capture France

Yes

40

What is waged over the skies of many English cities

Battle of Britain

41

Does Germany conquer Britain

No

42

Does Germany invades Soviet Union

Yes

43

When is Germany invaded the Soviet Union

1941. This breaks their deal

44

What many people believe in during the war

Isolationism

45

A popular antiwar group in existence at the time was the what

America first committee

46

What did Pres. Franklin Roosevelt believed in

That the United States should begin preparing for war in case it became impossible to stay neutral

47

What created the first military draft during peace time

The selective and training act

48

When was the selective and training act passed

1940

49

What allowed the us to sell, lend, or lease war materials to any nation considered vital to the defense of the United States

Len – lease act

50

Who did Roosevelt meet in 1940 and what did they do

Roosevelt met with English Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1940 and created the Atlantic Charter – future goals for peaceful world

51

How was America drawn into World War II

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

52

When was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

53

When did America declare war on Japan

December 8, 1941

54

What are the Allied powers

United States, Great Britain, France, China, Soviet Union

55

What was the Allied plan of war and 1942

It was decided that Hitler should be defeated first and the allies would focus on Japan

56

Who commanded nazi tank forces in northern Africa

Erwin Rommel the Desert Fox

57

The Allied attack was led by Gen. Who in Northern Africa

Dwight D Eisenhower

58

What did the Italians do while Germans continued to fight

They overthrew their dictator

59

What was liberated in June 1944

Rome

60

When did British and American planes begin bombings German cities and targets

Summer 1942

61

In what battle did German forces were defeated by the Russians at what battle a major turning point World War II

Battle of Stalingrad

62

What was the codename for the Allied invasion of France

Operation overload

63

When was operation overload

Operation overload happened on June 6, 1944

64

What is operation overload known ass

D-day

65

When was Paris liberated

August

66

What was the last major German offensive

The Battle of the Bulge

67

When was the Battle of the Bulge

December 1944

68

When Pres. Roosevelt died in April 1945 who took office

Harry S Truman

69

Allied forces captured Berlin when

April 1945

70

What is V-E Day and when is it

Victory in Europe
declared on May 8

71

What was Germany's final solution to the Jewish problem

As Allied troops began liberating Europe this murder of millions of Jews and others is known as the Holocaust