Chapter 28: Abdomen and Genitourinary Injuries Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 28: Abdomen and Genitourinary Injuries Deck (23):
1

When solid organs are injured, the EMT should suspect:

severe internal bleeding

2

What is the soft tissue landmark used in determining the four quadrants of the abdomen?

umbilicus

3

Bruising of the upper right quadrant might lead the EMT to suspect an internal injury to the:

liver

4

When you suspect an internal injury to the abdomen, you should always:

-take cervical and spinal precautions.
-treat for shock.
-administer high-flow oxygen.

5

When dealing with an evisceration, the EMT should:

cover the wound with a wet sterile dressing

6

When a patient has his or her knees drawn up to the chest to minimize abdominal pain, it is called:

guarding

7

Which organ in the urinary system is a solid organ?

kidney

8

When there is blunt trauma to the kidney area and blood appears in the urine, this is called:

hematuria

9

Because of supine hypotensive syndrome, a pregnant patient should be placed in what position when a backboard is not necessary?

on her left side

10

An abdominal injury caused by a small caliber handgun would be considered a _________ injury.

medium velocity

11

What is usually the primary complaint of a patient with an abdominal injury?

pain

12

Bruises known as the Grey Turner sign may suggest injury to what organs

liver, spleen, kidney

13

Which of the following is true regarding injuries to the external genitalia?
-They are usually not life-threatening.
-They are usually quite painful.
-Bleeding may be severe.
-all of the above

all of the above

14

Which of the following is true regarding injuries to the external genitalia?
-They are usually not life-threatening.
-They are usually quite painful.
-Bleeding may be severe.
-all of the above

all of the above

15

Abdominal injuries are categorized as either ____ (_____) or ____ (____)

open (penetrating trauma) or closed (blunt force trauma).

16

_____ is often a result of a gunshot wound or stab wound.

Penetrating trauma

17

Injury to the solid internal organs often causes ____ that can be life threatening.

significant unseen bleeding

18

Injury to the _____ of the abdomen may cause irritation and inflammation to the peritoneum as caustic digestive juices leak into the peritoneum. A serious infection may also occur over several hours.

hollow organs

19

Always maintain a _____ for serious intra-abdominal injury in the trauma patient, particularly in the patient who exhibits signs of shock.

high index of suspicion

20

Assess the abdomen for signs of _____, _____, ____ and ____

bruising, rigidity, penetrating injuries, and pain.

21

Never ______ an impaled object from the abdominal region. Secure it in place with a _____ and provide prompt transport.

remove, large bulky dressing

22

Injuries to the kidneys may be difficult to detect because of the well-protected region of the body where they are located. Be alert for ______

hematoma in the flank region.

23

Injury to the external genitalia of male and female patients is very _____ but not usually _____.

painful, not usually life threatening