Chapter 28 - Bleeding and Soft Tissue Trauma Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 28 - Bleeding and Soft Tissue Trauma Deck (19):
1

abrasion

an open injury to the outermost layer of the skin (epidermis) cause by a scraping away, rubbing, or shearing away of the tissue.

2

air embolism

an air bubble that enters the bloodstream and obstructs a blood vessel.

3

amputation

an open injury caused by the ripping or tearing away of a limb, body part, or organ.

4

avulsion

an open injury characterized by a loose flap of skin and soft tissue that has been torn loose or pulled completely off.

5

bandage

any material used to secure a dressing in place.

6

closed injury

any injury in which there is no break in the continuity of the skin.

7

contusion

a closed injury to the cells and blood vessels contained within the dermis that is characterized by discoloration, swelling, and pain; a bruise; bruising or swelling of the brain.

8

crush injury

an open or closed injury in which high pressure forces cause serous damage to underlying soft tissues with internal bleeding, resulting in possible hemorrhagic shock.

9

dressing

a sterile covering for an open wound that aids in the control of bleeding and prevention of further damage and contamination.

10

ecchymosis

black and blue discoloration.

11

epistaxis

bleeding from the nose resulting from injury, disease, or environment; a nosebleed.

12

evisceration

a protrusion of organs from a wound.

13

hematoma

a closed injury to the soft tissues characterized by swelling and discoloration caused by a mass of blood beneath the epidermis.

14

impaled object

an object embedded in the body.

15

laceration

an open injury usually caused by forceful impact with a sharp object and characterized by a wound whose edges may be linear (smooth and regular) or stellate (jagged and irregular) in appearance; a wound that penetrates the brain.

16

occlusive dressing

a dressing that can form an airtight seal over a wound.

17

open injury

any injury in which the skin is broken as a result of trauma.

18

penetration/puncture

an open injury caused by a sharp, pointed object being pushed into the soft tissue.

19

sterile

free from living microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, or spores that may cause infection.