Chapter 28 - Monomer Liquid & Polymer Powder Enhancements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 28 - Monomer Liquid & Polymer Powder Enhancements Deck (54):
1

Acrylic (methacrylate) nail enhancements are created by combining monomer liquid with:
a. monomer powder
b. polymer powder
c. liquid powder
d. molecular powder

b. polymer powder

2

As monomer liquid absorbs a polymer powder, the product formed at the tip of the brush is referred to as a:
a. cup
b. bead
c. dot
d. pledget

b. bead

3

The initiator added to polymer powder is:
a. benzoyl peroxide
b. catalyst peroxide
c. sodium peroxide
d. hydrogen peroxide

a. benzoyl peroxide

4

TO prevent product contamination, a dappen dish should have
a. a loosely fitted lid
b. a large opening
c. a tightly fitted lid
d. an evaporation lid

c. a tightly fitted lid

5

The type of glove recommended for a nail salon services is:
a. nylon polymer
b. hard plastic
c. latex polymer
d. nitrile polymer

d. nitrile polymer

6

The bead of product for shaping the free edge should have a:
a. wet consistency
b. dry consistency
c. medium consistency
d. moist consistency

c. medium consistency

7

Which types of primers are most often used today?
a. acid based and acid free primers
b. acid based and nonacid primers
c. acid based and dual acid primers
d. acid free and nonacid primers

d. acid free and nonacid primers

8

When applying nail primer, the brush should hold enough product to treat how many nails?
a. one or two
b. two or three
c. three or four
d. four or five

b. two or three

9

After a service, what should you do with used monomer liquid that has been removed from the original container?
a. pour it back into the container
b. pour it directly into a plastic bag
c. pour it into a paper towel
d. pour it down the drain

c. pour it into a paper towel

10

The ____ is the area of the nail that has all of the strength.
a. apex
b. stress area
c. sidewall
d. eponychium

a. apex

11

A properly worn dust mask will protect you from:
a. dust only
b. vapors only
c. dust and vapors
d. neither dust or vapors

a. dust only

12

In the maintenance service:
a. the nail is made thicker
b. the entire nail enhancement is made thicker
c. the apex of the nail is removed
d. the entire nail enhancement is removed

c. the apex of the nail is removed

13

Which of these statements about catalysts is correct?
a. Catalysts slow down the chemical reactions between monomer liquid and polymer powder
b. Catalysts are added to monomer liquid to control the set time
c. Monomer liquid is added to a catalyst to control the set time
d. Catalysts work by preventing the initiators from activating

b. Catalysts are added to monomer liquid to control the set time

14

Polymer powder is available:
a. only in clear form
b. only in white
c. in white and pink forms
d. in many colors

d. in many colors

15

Which of these refers to one unit called a molecule?
a. polymer
b. monomer
c. initiator
d. catalyst

b. monomer

16

Which of these is a substance formed by combining many small molecules into very long chain-like structures?
a. apex
b. bead
c. monomer
d. polymer

d. polymer

17

A(n) _________is a substance that starts the chain reaction that leads to the creation of very long polymer chains.
a. initiators
b. catalyst
c. reactor
d. concentrator

a. initiators

18

A _________ is a bead created using equal amounts of liquid and powder.
a. wet bead
b. dry bead
c. damp bead
d. medium bead

b. dry bead

19

A ______ is a bead created using twice as much liquid as powder.
a. damp bead
b. medium bead
c. dry bead
d. wet bead

d. wet bead

20

A __________ is a bead created using one-and-a-half times more liquid than powder.
a. medium bead
b. damp bead
c. wet bead
d. dry bead

a. medium bead

21

Which of these is placed under the free edge and is used to extend the nail enhancements beyond the fingertip for additional length?
a. sidewall
b. monomer brush
c. nail form
d. curling strut

c. nail form

22

The area where the natural nail grows beyond the finger and becomes the free edge is called the:
a. stress area
b. nail form
c. apex
d. lunula

a. stress area

23

The area on the side of the nail plate that grows free of its attachment to the nail fold is called:
a. lunula
b. sidewall
c. free edge
d. apex

b. sidewall

24

The term _______ refers to an entire family of thousands of different substances, all of which share important, closely related features.
a. nylon
b. polymer
c. polypeptide
d. acrylic

d. acrylic

25

Polymerization is also known as:
a. applying
b. resolving
c. hardening
d. maintaining

c. hardening

26

Which of these abrasives would be MOST appropriate for final buffing?
a. 120 grit
b. 200 grit
c. 320 grit
d. 360 grit

d. 360 grit

27

After a monomer liquid and polymer powder service, you should wipe the dappen dish with ________ before storing it in a dust-free location.
a. acetone
b. hydrogen peroxide
c. hot water
d. cold water

a. acetone

28

Nail extension undersides should:
a. always just straight out
b. always dip
c. match in length from nail to nail
d. have a rough texture

c. match in length from nail to nail

29

The apex is usually:
a. oval shaped and located on the thumb-side of the nail
b. oval shaped and located in the center of the nail
c. rectangular and located at the base of the nail
d. round and located beneath the nail

b. oval shaped and located in the center of the nail

30

Odorless products must generally be used with a ________ mix ratio.
a. dry
b. wet
c. damp
d. medium

a. dry

31

Acid based nail primer is corrosive to the skin and potentially dangerous to eyes.
T or F

True

32

Hand sanitizers can be used in place for hand washing.
T or F

False

33

Overly large brushes can hold excessive amounts of liquid and alter the mix ratio of the powder and liquid.
T or F

True

34

Monomer liquid an polymer powder nail enhancements are lucrative services.
T or F

True

35

Primers and liquids should be stored together in a cool, well lit place.
T or F

False

36

Catalysts are added to the polymer powder and used to control the set or curing time.
T or F

False

37

Too much powder in a mix ratio causes nail enhancements to cure incorrectly and become:
a. dry and crumbly
b. weak and dry
c. brittle and discolored
d. soft and discolored

c. brittle and discolored

38

Pre-formed nail extensions made for ABS or tenite acetate plastic are:
a. nail forms
b. linen wraps
c. gel products
d. nail tips

d. nail tips

39

When lightly tapped with the handle of a brush, hark nail enhancements make:
a. a hollow sound
b. a thump sound
c. no sound
d. a clicking sound

d. a clicking sound

40

When using the brush to shape the enhancement on the free edge area, use:
a. the middle portion of the brush
b. the tip of the brush
c. the end of the brush
d. long painting strokes

a. the middle portion of the brush

41

The initiator added to polymer powder to start the chain reaction of curing the nail enhancement is:
a. hydrogen peroxide
b. benzoyl peroxide
c. synthetic peroxide
d. catalyst booster

b. benzoyl peroxide

42

When applying nail enhancements, surface moisture and natural oils left on the nail plate will:
a. block adhesion
b. improve adhesion
c. condition nails
d. hydrate skin

a. block adhesion

43

Odorless products harden more slowly, which creates the tacky layer called the:
a. weakened layer
b. inhibition layer
c. softened layer
d. middle layer

b. inhibition layer

44

Sculptured nails are created by combining monomer liquid with:
a. polymer adhesive
b. polymer resin
c. polymer powder
d. acrylic powder

c. polymer powder

45

Proper maintenance of nail enhancements should be done every:
a. month
b. other month
c. 2-3 weeks
d. 4-6 weeks

c. 2-3 weeks

46

For natural-looking nails, product application near the eponychium, sidewalls and free edge must be:
a. thin
b. soft
c. thick
d. dry

a. thin

47

Additives designed to speed up the chemical reactions of monomers are:
a. catalysts
b. stabilizers
c. primers
d, dehydrators

a. catalysts

48

The amount of polymer powder and liquid monomer used to create a product bead is called the:
a. initiator
b. catalyst
c. positive ratio
d. mix ratio

d. mix ratio

49

As monomer liquid absorbs polymer powder, the chemical interaction produces a small:
a. bead of product
b. dry catalyst
c. synthetic product
d. positive product

a. bead of product

50

A nail supply that is placed under the free edge to extend a nail enhancement is a:
a. nail extender
b. silk wrap
c. nail form
d. synthetic fiber

c. nail form

51

One unit called a molecule
a. arch
b. monomer
c. stress area
d. initiators

b. monomer

52

Where the natural nail frows beyond the finger and becomes the free edge
a. arch
b. monomer
c. stress area
d. initiators

c. stress area

53

Area of the nail that has the strength
a. arch
b. monomer
c. stress area
d. initiators

a. arch

54

Starts a chain reaction that leads to the creation of very long polymer chains
a. arch
b. monomer
c. stress area
d. initiators

d. initiators