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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (87):
0

Took aggressive actions but met only verbal protest and pleas for peace from democracies. Mussolini, Hitler, and the leader of Japan saw people as a weakness and responded with aggression

Dictators

1

Wanted to have an empire as big as those of Western powers. To do this they seized Manchuria in 1931

Japanese Military Leader

2

Overran much of eastern China starting the Second Sino-Japanese War (Protests from the West fell on deaf ears)

Japanese armies

3

Acted on its own imperialist ambitions. Invaded Ethiopia

Italy

4

Tested the will of western democracies. Broke the treaty of Versailles by building a german military and sent troops into the demilitarized zone of the Rhineland bordering france

Hitler

5

Is giving in to the demands of an aggression in order to keep the peace

Appeasement

6

Was demoralized and suffering from political division at home

France

7

Saw Hitler and Mussolini's fascism as a lesser of two evils (compared to communism of the Soviet Union)

Britain and France

8

Opposition to all war, due to the disgust with the destruction from the previous war spread throughout the world

Pacifism

9

Are laws that forbade the sale of arms to any nation at war and outlawed loans to warring nations and prohibited Americans from traveling on ships of warring powers

Neutrality Acts

10

Germany, Italy, and Japan formed what became known as

Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis

11

Union of Austria and Germany

Anschluss

12

A region of western Czechoslovakia-be given autonomy

Sudetenland

13

Bound Hitler and Stalin to peaceful relationships. Secretly the two agreed not to fight if the other end to war and divide up land of Eastern Europe

Nazi-Soviet Pact

14

German forces invaded Poland. Two days later Britain and France declared war on Germany and _______ had started

World War 2

15

Lightning war. Used improve tanks and air power technology to strike a debasing blow against the enemy

Blitzkrieg

16

Or German Air Force would bomb airfields,factories, towns and cities

Luftwaffe

17

In April of 1940 Hitler launched a blitzkrieg against ______ and ______ then he went for and got Netherlands and Belgium

Norway and Denmark

18

An area considered invasion proof

Ardennes Forest in Belgium

19

Was the prime minister of Britian faced Hitler in defiance

Winston Churchill

20

Hitler wanted to plan for an invasion of Britain (_______) and to prep for it he launched massive air strikes against the island nation. They first bombed military spots, but after the British Air Force gave them a challenge, the Germans changed their targets and started to bomb London and other cities

Sea Lion

21

Were United so much that the King and Queen chose to support their people and stay in civilian bomb shelters in the city rather than feeling to the countryside

British

22

True/False: hitler failed to take Britain

True

23

Was known was the (Desert a Fox) and had hit major success in Africa from 1941-1942. He pushed the British back to Cairo, Egypt

Erwin Rommel

24

A plan which takes its name from a medieval Germanic leader Frederick Barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa

25

Stated that he wanted the raw materials of the Soviet Union. Wanted the wheat fields in Ukraine, the forests of Siberia and wanted to crush communism in Europe and defeat a powerful rival Stalin

Hitler

26

Were considered to be an inferior race and they were pushed aside for more living space for the Germans

The Slavs of Eastern Europe

27

Are detention centers for civilians who were considered enemies of the state

Concentration Camps

28

Used millions of people from all over Europe to work as slave labored (prisoners were poorly fed and worked to death, you would never meant to leave there alive)

Nazis

29

Hitler targeted people who were

Slavs, Gypsies, homosexuals, and the disables

30

Are sections of the city that Jewish people are confined (in these ghettos many Jewish people died from starvation, disease, overwork, and harsh elements)

Ghettos

31

A plan which was to kill all the Jews

Final Solution

32

Nazis massacred around six million Jews. Total was 12 million people

Holocausr

33

Declared they were neutral even though they were neutral many of them were sympathetic for those who fought the axis powers, FDR was one of them

U.S.

34

Allowed America to sell or lend war materials to any country whose defense would seem important to U.S. Safety

Lend-Lease Act

35

Had held peace negotiations were being held but they went no where

U.S. and Japan

36

Japanese planes bombed the American fleet Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Killing 2,400 people and destroying battleship and aircraft. FDR said it Was a day which will live in infamy. He asked congress to declare war on Japan and on Dec 11th Italy and Germany declared war on the U.s. (America had entered ww2)

December 7,1941

37

Had no desire to confront german dictator

Britain

38

Snapped the energies of the western democracies

The Great Depression

39

Passed the neutrality acts

United States

40

When he refused to agree to hitter demands, hitler sent in the Germany army to preserve order

Austria Chancellor

41

To keep the peace what did hitler say he would do?

The Germans persuaded the Czechs surrender to sudentenland without a fight. Hitler promised he would not expand to any more territories, but he broke his promise took the rest of Czechoslovakia

42

Hitler was attacking from the ________. Stalinforces invaded from the ________, grabbing lands promised to them under the nazi soviet pact

Hitler: west
Stalin: east

43

British sent all available naval vessels, merchant ships, and even fishing and pleasure boats across to channel to pluck stranded troops of to _________. The improvised armed ferried more than 30,000

Beach of Dunkirk

44

Hitler stated a new order which grew out his racial obsessions:

His forces conquered most of Europe and hitler set up puppet governments in Western European countries

45

Axis power devoted all of their power to

War efforts

46

Women in the industries were symbolized by a character in the U.S.

Rosie the Riveter

47

Is someone who puts the bolts in pieces of metal

Riveter

48

Is used to construct airplanes, tanks, etc

Metal

49

Served in the armed forces in many auxiliary roles such as: driving ambulances, delivering airplanes, and decoding messages

British and American women

50

Battle lasted for 5 days and was the first time in naval history enemy ships never saw each other. Japanese were guarding their islands while the Americans sank one Japanese aircraft carriers and several cruisers and destroyers

Battle of Coral Sea

51

Are ships that transport aircraft and accommodate the takeoff and landing of planes

Aircraft Carrier

52

Was fought entirely from the air. The Americans destroyed four Japanese carriers and more than 250 planes. After this battle the Japanese were unable to launch any more offensive operations

Battle of Midway

53

In North Africa the British led by General Bernard Montgomery fought _________

Rommel (Desert Fox)

54

The allies finally halted the desert fox's advanced. Allied tanks drove the axis back across Libya into Tunisia

Battle of El Alamein

55

Took command of a joint British and American force in Morocco and Algeria

General Dwight D. Eisenhower

56

Launched a new offensive. Targeted rich oil fields of the south but his troops only went as far as Stalingard

Hitler

57

Was the bloodiest battle of ww2. Was held in city streets, the Germans and Russian would fight and kill each other. Even though Germans took over certain positions in the city they were never able to capture the key crossing points along the river banks. After this battle the allies started attacking the Germans instead of waiting for the Germans to attack them

Battle of Stalingard

58

The most famous soviet sniper in Stalingard

Vastly Zaytsev

59

June 6,1994 the invasion of _____. On June 5 allies sent paratroopers behind enemy lines. June 6 the allies sent thousands of ships that were carrying 156,000 troops across the English Channel the troops fought their way to the shore, they faced underwater mines, barbed wires, bombs, and machine-gun Fire as they charged the german fortification

France (Normandy Beach a Key Point in this attack)

60

Helped the joint british and American forces break through german defense and advance through Paris. By August 25 the allies had entered Paris and within a month france and as free

American General George S Patton

61

Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met at Yalta. The three leaders agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the war against Japan within three months of Germany's surrender and in return Churchill and Roosevelt promised Stalin that the Soviets would take possession of southern Sakhalin Island, the Kuir Islands and an occupation zone in Korea. Also agreed that Germany would be divided into four zones

Yalta Conference

62

Met and shook hands at the Elbe River all over Europe, Axis armies began to surrender

American and Russian

63

Captured and executed Mussolini

Italy Guerillas

64

May 7 Germany officially surrendered this day was known as

VE DAY (Victory in Europe Day)

65

Had won an uninterrupted series of victories. Controlled much of the Southeast Asia and many pacific islands

Japanese

66

Jap had gained control of the Philippines, killing several hundred American soldiers and as many as 10,000 Filipino soldiers during the 65-mile

Bataan Death March

67

Took offensive and started a campaign of "island hopping" which was to recapture that Japanese held islands

U.S.

68

Gradually moved north towards Japan

Douglas Mac MacArthur

69

Blockaded Japan, and American bombers pounded Japanese cities and industries

Admiral Chester Nimitz

70

The two bloodiest battles against Japan. Showed that the Japanese would not surrender under any cost

Battle of Iwo Jima and Okinawa

71

Japanese pilots who were selected to do suicide dive bomb missions in enemy ships

Kamikaze Pilots

72

Allies used _________scientist in figuring out how to harness that power and create a bomb

German and Italian

73

A project named this because the army component the design of the project was designated the Manhattan district and by 1945 the first atomic bomb was tested in New Mexico

Manhattan Project

74

Took office because FDR died

Harry Turman

75

On August 6 an American Planed dropped atomic bomb over the city. Flattened four square miles killing more than 7,000 people instantly and killing many more after the bomb. The Japanese did not believe that Americans had that power and again ignored the surrender please from the allies

Hiroshima

76

August 9 the u.s. Dropped a second bomb

Nagasaki

77

August 10 emperor_________ intervent and surrender

Hirohito

78

Where Hitler had stage mass rallies in the 1930's these were known was the (Nuremberg Trails)

Nuremberg

79

Allowed each of its member nations to one vote at the General Assembly

Un charter

80

U.s., Russia, Britian,France and China. Goal was to ensure peace around the world. Had power to apply economic sanctions or send a peacekeeping military force to resolve disputes

Security Council

81

The tension between the United States and the Soviet Union

Cold War

82

Pushed German forces out of Eastern Europe leaving behind armies to occupy the newly acquired areas

The red army (russian army)

83

Was good in the idea of containment of communism or limiting communism to areas that were under soviet control

Truman Doctrine

84

To strengthen democratic government the U.s. Offered a massive package. U.s. Funneled food and economic assistance to Europe to help countries rebuild

Marshall plan

85

U.s., Canada, and the other countries formed a new military alliance. Pledged to help one another if anyone of them were attacked

North Atlantic a Treaty Orgainzation

86

Included the Soviet Union and seven satellite in Eastern Europe this pact made sure that all russian satellite nations stayed aligned with Russia

Warsaw Pact