Chapter 29 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 29 Deck (42):
0

Germany, Italy, and Japan's growing interest in building new empires was _.

ignored

1

penalties

Sanctions

2

_, _, and _ growing interest in building new empires was ignored

Germany, Italy, Japan's

3

The German people _ the treaty of Versailles

hated

4

The _ people hated the treaty of Versailles

German

5

League of Nations- principal mission was _

to maintain world peace.

6

_ giving into the demands of the aggressor in order to keep the peace.

Appeasement

7

Germany, Japan, and Italy formed into the

axis powers

8

_, _, and _ formed into the axis powers

Germany, Japan, Italy

9

Hitler justified Germany's aggression by saying that _

Germany had the right to conquer inferior people.

10

western democracies realized that they needed to jump in

1939

11

1939 realized that they needed to jump in

western democracies

12

ww2 began

September 1st, 1939

13

ww2 began why?

Germany invaded Poland.

14

or lightning war was revealed

Blitzkrieg

15

German Air Force

The Luftwaffe

16

Hitler plans to invade Britain

operation sea lion.

17

Starting _ German bombers dropped bombs on _

September 7, 1940,London 57 nights in a row.

18

Hitler wanted _ in the Soviet Union for Germany.

to gain the natural resources

19

detention centers for civilians considered enemies of the state.

Concentration camps

20

The final solution of the Jewish "problem"

the genocide of all European Jews, known as the holocaust.

21

Holocaust means

wholly burnt

22

_ allowed Roosevelt to sell or lend war material to "any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the us.

Lend lease act

23

December 7, 1941

attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

24

attack on Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

25

_ was the only option for the allies.

Total war

26

Who were the Big 3?

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill

27

led the allied forces in North Africa

General Dwight d. Eisenhower

28

_ was the most costly of the war and the Germans suffered a major defeat here.

Battle of Stalingrad

29

_ was a massive counterattack by the Germans against the allies.

Battle of the Bulge

30

- the Big three planned their final strategy

Yalta Conference

31

VE- day-

victory in Europe day the war in Europe was over. May 8, 1945,

32

Germany was fighting a _ war. The _ of the us. played the biggest role in the allies winning the war

multi front war, enormous production

33

going from one island to another

Island-hopping

34

Pilots who undertook suicide missions

kamikaze

35

was a program created to develop the atomic bomb

Manhattan project

36

Truman decided

to use the bomb after his warnings were completely ignored by Japan

37

first atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima

August 6, 1945

38

second atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki

August 10, 1945

39

Five permanent members of United Nations:

USA, SOVIET UNION, Britain, France, and China.

40

stated that the us would help to resist the spread of Communism.

Truman doctrine

41

Formed

USA, Canada, and 10 other countries; NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)