Chapter 29- Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 29- Vocab Deck (36):
1

Pacifism

Opposition to all war

2

Neutrality Acts

A series of acts passed by the U.S. Congress from 1935 to 1939 that aimed to keep the U.S. from becoming involved in WWll

3

Axis Powers

Group of countries led by Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought the Allies in WWll

4

Anschluss

Union of Austria and Germany

5

Sudetenland

A region of western Czechoslovakia

6

Nazi-Soviet Pact

Agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 in which the two nations promised not to fight each other and to divide up land in Eastern Europe

7

Francisco Franco

A conservative general from Spain whose revolt turned into the Spanish Civil War

8

Blitzkrieg

"Lightning war" led by Hitler using airplane and tank technology

9

Luftwaffe

German Air Force

10

Dunkirk

Port in France from which 300,000 Allied troops were evacuated when their retreat by land was cut off by the German advance in 1940

11

Vichy

City in central France where a puppet state governed unoccupied France and the French colonies

12

Concentration Camps

Detention centers for civilians considered enemies of the state (Jews in Germany)

13

Holocaust

The systematic genocide of about six million European Jews by the Nazis during WWll

14

Lend-Lease Act

Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1941 that allowed the president (FDR) to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense was considered vital to the United States

15

General Erwin Rommel

German commander who was sent to North Africa to fight the British

16

Rosie the Riveter

Symbol for women who worked in war industries during WW2

17

Aircraft Carriers

Ships that accommodate the taking off and landing of airplanes, and transport aircraft

18

Stalingrad

Now Volgograd, a city in south-western Russia that was the site of a fierce battle during WW2

19

D-Day

Code name for June 6th, 1944, the day that Allied forces invaded France during WW2

20

Yalta Conference

Meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin in February 1945 where the three leaders made agreements regarding the end of WW2

21

Dwight Eisenhower

American General who took control of a joint British-American force in Morocco, 1942

22

V-E Day

Victory in Europe Day, May 8th, 1945, the day that the Allies won WW2 in Europe

23

Bataan Death March

During WW2, the forced march of Filipino and American prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military

24

Island-Hopping

During WW2, Allied strategy of recapturing some Japanese-held islands while bypassing others

25

Kamikaze

Japanese pilot who undertook a suicide mission

26

Manhattan Project

Code name for the project to build the first atomic bomb during WW2

27

Hiroshima

Cory in Japan where the first atomic bomb was dropped in 1945

28

Nagasaki

A coastal city in Southern Japan on the island of Kyushu; city in Japan where the second atomic bomb was dropped in August, 1945

29

Nuremburg

German city where Hitler staged Nazi rallies in the 1930s, and where Nazi war crimes trials where held after WW2

30

United Nations

International organization established after WW2 with the goal of maintaining peace and cooperation in the international community

31

Cold War

State of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side and the Soviet Union on the other that rarely led to direct conflict

32

Truman Doctrine

United States policy, established in 1947, of trying to contain the spread of communism

33

Marshall Plan

Massive aid package offered by the U.S. to Europe to help countries rebuild after WW2

34

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

A military alliance between several North Atlantic states to safeguard them from the presumed threat of the Soviet Union's communist bloc; countries from other regions later joined the alliance

35

Warsaw Pact

Mutual-defense alliance between the Soviet Union and seven satellites in Eastern Europe set up in 1955

36

Appeasement

Policy of giving into the aggressors demand to keep the peace