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Juvenile Justice: Doctorate > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (14)
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1

Homes disrupted through divorce, separation, or desertion.

Broken Homes

2

Involves the use of force or coercion to abuse, harass, or intimidate others.

Bullying

3

A cocaine-based stimulant drug that is inexpensive to manufacture and is much more affordable for drug users than is cocaine.

Crack

4

Subculture in which juveniles are encouraged and supported by well-established conventional and criminal institutions.

Criminal Subculture

5

Refers to the disproportionate number of minority youth who come into contact with the juvenile justice system.

Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC)

6

Juveniles who do not complete their secondary education. The term is also used to describe persons who do not participate throughout the full duration of a study.

Dropouts

7

School-age children who return home from school to empty houses. Estimates indicate that there may be as many as 10 million children left unsupervised after school.

Latchkey Children

8

Possessing deficits in learning processes such as poor reading ability, lack of ability to memorize or follow directions, and incapability to distinguish or otherwise manage letters or numerals.

Learning Disabled

9

Stimulant drug, also known as "meth," that is manufactured easily and sold inexpensively.

Methamphetamines

10

Various factors that are not physiological in nature and that may increase the risk of problems such as abusing drugs and engaging in delinquent behavior.

Social Factors

11

Process of learning moral and social norms of behavior, as defined within children's immediate environment.

Socialization Process

12

Individuals' social and economic position within society.

Socioeconomic Status

13

Socioeconomic designation in which large numbers of inner-city poor people are caught in a chronic generational cycle of poverty, low educational achievement, teenage parenthood, chronic unemployment, and welfare dependence. Theorists argue that antisocial behaviors become norms within chronically impoverished inner-city environments.

Underclass

14

Lifestyles that are peculiar to social associations of young people. There is no single youth culture but rather an assortment of lifestyles and selected identifications.

Youth Culture