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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (35):
0

dominated

to control or influence something or someone

1

peninsula

a piece of land nearly surrounded by water

2

community

people with common interests living in a particular area; an area itself

3

economic

the system in a country that involves making, buying, and selling goods

4

decline

to move toward a weaker condition

5

bard

someone who writes or preforms epic poems or stories about heros and their deeds

6

colony

a group of people that live in a new territory and have ties to their homeland; the new territory itself

7

affect

to influence; to cause a change

8

polis

a Greek city-state

9

agora

a gathering place; a marketplace in ancient Greece

10

phalanx

a group of foot soldiers in ancient Greece arranged close together in rows

11

tyrant

someone who seizes power and rules with total authority

12

considered

think of

13

oligarchy

a few wealthy people hold power over the larger group of citizens

14

democracy

all citizens share in running the government

15

helots

enslaved people in Sparta; Greek word for "capture"

16

military

relating to soldiers, armies, and war

17

ephors

a high-ranked government official in Sparta who was elected by the council of elders

18

stability

the condition of being steady and unchanging

19

achieved

to succeed; to gain something as a result of work; to successfully complete a task

20

construct

to build by putting parts together; to build; to create

21

satrapy

the territory governed by an official know as a satrap

22

satrap

the govener of a province in ancient Persia

23

Zoroastrianism

a Persian religion based on the belief of one god

24

obtain

to gain something through a planned effort; to acquire or receive something; to take possession of

25

collapse

to break down; to lose effectiveness; complete failure, breakdown

26

channel

a straight or narrow sea between two land masses; a canal; narrow body of water between two land masses

27

direct democracy

a form of democracy in which all citizens can participate firsthand in the decision-making process

28

representative democracy

a form of democracy in which citizens elect officials to govern on their behalf

29

philosopher

a person who searches for wisdom or enlightenment

30

accompany

to go with someone as a companion

31

sufficient

enough

32

decade

a group or set of ten years; period of ten years

33

conflict

a battle or war; a fight or disagreement; a fight or battle

34

emphasize

to attach a sense of importance to something; to express the importance of something