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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (17):
1

Absolute Threshold

The lowest level of stimulation that a person can consciously detect 50% of the time is stimulation is present

2

Brightness Constancy

Tendency to perceive the apparent brightness of an object as the same even when the light conditions change

3

Closure

Tendency to complete figures that are incomplete

4

Contiguity

Tendency to perceive 2 things that happen close together in time as being related

5

Continuity

Tendency to perceive things as simply as possible with a continuous pattern rather than with a complex, broken up pattern

6

Figure-ground

Tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchanging information

7

Just Noticeable Difference

mallets difference between 2 stimuli that is detectable 50% of the time

8

Habituation

Tendency of the brain to stop attending to contents, unchanging information

9

Kinesthetic ense

sense of the location of body parts in relation to the ground and each ther

10

Reception

Method by which the situations experienced at any given moment are interpreted and organized in some meaningful fashion

11

Proximity

Tendency to perceive objects that are close to each other as part of the same grouping

12

Reversible Figures

Visual illusions in which the figure and the ground can be reversed

13

Sensation

Process that occurs when special receptors in the sense organs are activated, allowing various forms of outside stimuli to become neutral signals in the brain

14

Shape Constancy

Tendency to interpret the shape of an object as being constant, even when its shape changes on the retina

15

Similarity

Tendency to perceive things hat look similar to each other as being part of the same group

16

Size Constancy

Tendency to interpret an object as always being the same actual size, regardless of the distance

17

Vestibular Senses

Sensations of movement, balance, and body position