Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (44):
Who spent Spanish Armada to try and convert England back to Catholism?
King Phillip II
What was the first English settlement in America?
Who established Roanoke?
Sir Walter Raleigh
What was the word left behind on Roanoke Island that John White saw when he returned?
What are documents that gave rights to establish settlements from King James I?
What is a joint stock company?
A company in which investors buy stock in return for a share of its future profits
What was the settlement established by the Virginia Company?
Joint stock company
Who was the first governor of the Jamestown settlement?
What crop saved Jamestown?
Who married the daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas?
What was the legislative assembly of Jamestown?
The House of Burgesses
What was the official Church of England after the Protestant Reformation?
The Anglican Church
Who were the Prostestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church?
Who were the Prostentants who wanted to leave and set up their own Churches?
Who were the Sepratists who came to the colonies for religious freedom?
What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims came to America on?
What percentage of Pilgrims passed away their first winter?
Who were the two people that showed the Pilgrims how to grow crops and where to hunt and fish?
Squanto and Samoset
What Native American group participated in the first Thanksgiving?
What was the Puritan society that was based on the Bible?
Massachusetts Bay Company
What was the Great Migration?
During the 1630's over 15,000 Puritans went to Massachusetts to escape persecution and economic struggles in England
What city and colony did Thomas Hooker establish?
What was the Fundamental orders of Connecticut?
Was the first written constitution in America,
Described the organization of representative government in detail
What was the Native American name for King Phillip
What was the name of the Dutch colony in North America?
What was the main settlement of the Dutch Colony?
What was the name of the landowners who received grants to increase New Netherlands population?
After the British take over this Dutch colony what was its name changed to?
What was the name of the colony founded by William Penn?
What religious belief did William Penn follow that was known to be tolerate to other peoples view?
What is a pacifist?
People who refuse to fight in wars or use force
What was the colony of Southern Colonies driven by?
What were indentured servants?
Laborer under contract to an employer in exchange for their transportation, food, and lodging.
What colony was founded by George Calvert?
What law granted Maryland residents to worship freely?
The Act of Toleration
What is the cultural boundary between Northern and Southern Colonies?
The Mason-Dixon Line
Who led a rebellion and was called"The Greatest Rebel There Ever Was In Virgina"?
What were the two main crops mentioned about North Carolina?
Tobacco and Timber
What were the two main crops mentioned about South Carolina?
Rice and indigo
What was the colony founded in New France?
Who were settlers who paid their landowner an annual rent and worked a fixed number of days each year?
Which country had the best relations with Native Americans at this time?
What three types of people did the Spanish send to settle in New Mexico?
Soldiers, settlers, and missionaries