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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (44):
0

Who spent Spanish Armada to try and convert England back to Catholism?

King Phillip II

1

What was the first English settlement in America?

Roanoke

2

Who established Roanoke?

Sir Walter Raleigh

3

What was the word left behind on Roanoke Island that John White saw when he returned?

Croatoan

4

What are documents that gave rights to establish settlements from King James I?

Charter

5

What is a joint stock company?

A company in which investors buy stock in return for a share of its future profits

6

What was the settlement established by the Virginia Company?

Joint stock company

7

Who was the first governor of the Jamestown settlement?

John Smith

8

What crop saved Jamestown?

Tobacco

9

Who married the daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas?

John Rolfe

10

What was the legislative assembly of Jamestown?

The House of Burgesses

11

What was the official Church of England after the Protestant Reformation?

The Anglican Church

12

Who were the Prostestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church?

The Puritans

13

Who were the Prostentants who wanted to leave and set up their own Churches?

Separatists

14

Who were the Sepratists who came to the colonies for religious freedom?

Pilgrims

15

What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims came to America on?

The Mayflower

16

What percentage of Pilgrims passed away their first winter?

About 50%

17

Who were the two people that showed the Pilgrims how to grow crops and where to hunt and fish?

Squanto and Samoset

18

What Native American group participated in the first Thanksgiving?

Wampanoag Indians

19

What was the Puritan society that was based on the Bible?

Massachusetts Bay Company

20

What was the Great Migration?

During the 1630's over 15,000 Puritans went to Massachusetts to escape persecution and economic struggles in England

21

What city and colony did Thomas Hooker establish?

Hartford Connecticut

22

What was the Fundamental orders of Connecticut?

Was the first written constitution in America,
Described the organization of representative government in detail

23

What was the Native American name for King Phillip

Metacomet

24

What was the name of the Dutch colony in North America?

New Netherlands

25

What was the main settlement of the Dutch Colony?

New Amsterdam

26

What was the name of the landowners who received grants to increase New Netherlands population?

Patroons

27

After the British take over this Dutch colony what was its name changed to?

New York

28

What was the name of the colony founded by William Penn?

Pennsylvania

29

What religious belief did William Penn follow that was known to be tolerate to other peoples view?

Quakers

30

What is a pacifist?

People who refuse to fight in wars or use force

31

What was the colony of Southern Colonies driven by?

Plantations

32

What were indentured servants?

Laborer under contract to an employer in exchange for their transportation, food, and lodging.

33

What colony was founded by George Calvert?

Maryland

34

What law granted Maryland residents to worship freely?

The Act of Toleration

35

What is the cultural boundary between Northern and Southern Colonies?

The Mason-Dixon Line

36

Who led a rebellion and was called"The Greatest Rebel There Ever Was In Virgina"?

Nathaniel Bacon

37

What were the two main crops mentioned about North Carolina?

Tobacco and Timber

38

What were the two main crops mentioned about South Carolina?

Rice and indigo

39

What was the colony founded in New France?

Louisiana

40

Who were settlers who paid their landowner an annual rent and worked a fixed number of days each year?

Tenant Farmers

41

Which country had the best relations with Native Americans at this time?

The French

42

What three types of people did the Spanish send to settle in New Mexico?

Soldiers, settlers, and missionaries

43

What were missions?

Religious settlements to convert Native Americans to Catholicism