Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Matthew 2014-15 (History) > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (27):
1

Between 1630 and 1640 tens of thousand of English men, women, and children left England due to the economic, political, and religious problems. 

Great migration:

2

Covenant:

Winthrop’s speech reflected the Puritans’ belief that they had made a covenant with Go. Under this covenant, or sacred agreement, Puritans agreed to build an ideal Christian Community. 

3

was famous for the founding, and as a leader of, the Massachusetts Bay Colony in New England. He was a strict Puritan and the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

John Winthrop:

4

Thomas Hooker:

minister whom with his followers decided to leave Massachusetts to help found Connecticut, another New England colony. He helped draft the fundamental orders of Connecticut in 1636. “The father of America democracy”

5

Fundamental orders of Connecticut: 

a set of principles that made Connecticut’s governor more democratic. For example, the Orders allowed men who were not church members to vote. The fundamental orders of Connecticut also outlined the powers of the general courts.

6

a set of principles that made Connecticut’s governor more democratic. For example, the Orders allowed men who were not church members to vote.

Fundamental orders of Connecticut:

7

minister that didn’t agree with the leadership of Massachusetts. He called for his church to separate completely form the other New England congregations. William also criticized the General Court or taking land from American Indians without paying.

  1. Roger Williams: 

8

  1. angered Puritan church leaders by publicly discussing religious ideas that some leaders thought were radical.  For example, Hutchinson believed that God speaks directly to people, apart from the Bible. Her believes led her to exile from Massachusetts.

  1. Anne Hutchinson: 

9

minister whom with his followers decided to leave Massachusetts to help found Connecticut, another New England colony. He helped draft the fundamental orders of Connecticut in 1636. “The father of America democracy”

Thomas Hooker:

10

One of the colonists, complained that "ten good workmen would have done more substantial work in a day than ten of these (colonists) in a week"

was a British soldier who was a founder of the American colony of Jamestown in the early 1600s.

John Smith

11

John Smith

One of the colonists, complained that "ten good workmen would have done more substantial work in a day than ten of these (colonists) in a week"

was a British soldier who was a founder of the American colony of Jamestown in the early 1600s.

12

confederacy of at least 30 Algonquian-speaking North American Indian tribes that once occupied most of what is now tidewater Virginia. 

The confederacy formed shortly before the colonial settlement of Jamestown in 1607. The tribes of the confederacy provided mutual military support and paid taxes in the form of food, pelts, copper, and pearls.

Powhatan Confederacy.

13

  1. Virginia planter and colonial official who was the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian chief Powhatan.
  2. he began to experiment with growing tobacco. When he found that the local variety was too bitter for English tastes, he began cultivating seeds that he brought from the West Indies. In June sent some of the West Indian tobacco to England. Its widespread acceptance there provided needed economic stability for Virginia.

John Rolfe

14

John Rolfe

  1. Virginia planter and colonial official who was the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian chief Powhatan.
  2. he began to experiment with growing tobacco. When he found that the local variety was too bitter for English tastes, he began cultivating seeds that he brought from the West Indies. In June sent some of the West Indian tobacco to England. Its widespread acceptance there provided needed economic stability for Virginia.

15

Powhatan Indian woman who fostered peace between English colonists and Native Americans by befriending the settlers at the Jamestown Colony in Virginia and eventually marrying one of them.

Pocahontas,

16

  • A system where colonists who paid their own way to Virginia received 50 acres of land.
  • Referred to a grant of land, usually 50 acres, given to settlers in the 13 colonies. The system was used mainly in Virginia, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Maryland. It proved to be quite effective by increasing the population in the British colonies.

Headright

17

 a labor system where men and women who signed a contract by which they agreed to work for a certain number of years in exchange for transportation to America (Virginia mostly) once they arrived, food, clothing, and shelter. Adults usually served for four to seven years and children sometimes for much longer, with most working in the colony's tobacco fields.

Indentured Servants

18

was a Virginia planter and the leader of the insurrection against Virginia Governor William Berkeley subsequently labeled ___________   ____________

Nathaniel Bacon 

Bacon's Rebellion.

19

was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley. The rebellion attacked and burned Jamestown. 

Bacon's Rebellion

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A protestan group that wanted to reform, or purify the church of England

Puritans

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Sect

Religious group.

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Puritan sect that formed their own churches and cut all ties with the church of England

Separatists

23

A group of separatists that English leaders begand to punish and left England to scape this persecution and moved to the Netherlands.

Piligrams

24

People who came to a new contry after leaving the land of their birth.

Immigrants

25

He was a founder and longtime governor of the Plymouth Colony settlement. Born in England, he migrated with the Separatist congregation to the Netherlands as a teenager. He was among the passengers on the Mayflower’s trans-Atlantic journey, and he signed the Mayflower Compact upon arriving in Massachusetts in 1620.

William Bradford

26

  • It was the first written framework of government established in what is now the United States. 
  • It was drafted to prevent dissent amongst Puritans and non-separatist Pilgrims who had landed at Plymouth a few days earlier. 
  • It was signed by 41 English colonists on the ship Mayflower on November 11, 1620,

The Mayflower Compact

27

The Native American known foremost for his assistance to the Pilgrims, led an event-filled life that included contact with Europeans several times before the people aboard the Mayflower arrived in the New World.

Squanto