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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (30):
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Federalism

A system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government along a territorial basis

1

United Government consists of

1. National Government
2. State Government

2

What is the supreme law of the land?

The Constitution

3

Delegated powers

Given by the constitution

4

Expressed Powers

Specifically stated

5

How many expressed powers are there?

27

6

Examples of Expressed Powers

Congress can:
1. Declaring war
2. Tax

7

Implied Powers

Not specifically stated, but reasonably implied

8

Implied Powers are also called

"Necessary and proper clause", "Elastic Clause"

9

Examples of Implied Powers

Congress can:
1. Use the draft to create an army
2. Regulate economy

10

Inherent Powers

Belong to the National Government because it is the National Government of a sovereign country

11

Examples of Inherent Powers

1. Immigration
2. Acquiring territory

12

Denied Powers

Stated powers
- In the Bill of Rights

13

Examples of Denied Powers

Government Can't:
1. Take away freedom of religion
2. Cruel and unusual punishment
3. Threaten the federal system

14

Reserved Powers

Powers that only the states exercise

15

Exclusive Powers

Powers that can only be exercised by the National Government

16

Concurrent Powers

Exercised by the state and federal Government

17

Federal Governments Obligations to the States

1. Must guarantee Republican form of government
2. Must protect the states from invasion and domestic violence
3. Must respect their boundaries
4. Creating new states

18

Which state was created after the original 13?

Vermont

19

Grants-in-aid

Money and resources given to the states from the Federal Government

20

Example of Grants-in-aid

Morrill Act

21

Morrill Act

Federal Government gives land grant to colleges

22

Block Grants

Money and resources given to the states from the Federal Government with fewer conditions or limitations

23

Revenue Sharing

Federal Government gives a percentage of its annual revenue to the states

24

State Aid to the Federal Government

The states help the Federal Government by:
1. Running National elections

25

Interstate Compact

An agreement among states and foreign nations

26

Full Faith and Credit

Each state must accept the public acts records and judicial proceedings of every other state

27

Extradition

A legal process in which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state by another

28

Privileges and Immunities are also known as

Interstate Rights

29

Examples of Privileges and Immunities

1. Marriage
2. Contracts between people of various states