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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (40):
1

What two poems did Hesiod write?

Theogony and Work and Days

2

Definition of Theogony

Story of the creation of gods "god /birth"
Theo = God
Gon = birth

3

Cosmogony definition

Cosmos = order/ arrangement

4

Principle themes of hesiod's theogony?

Origins of all things
- hymm to zeus

5

According to Hesiod's Theogony, who was the 1st entity?

Chaos

- a "yawning void" / Chasm/Gap

6

3 entities in the beginnign

Chaos
Gaia
Eros

7

What does Gaia symbolize?

Earth

8

What does Eros represent?

Sexual Desire and procreation

9

What's another name for Tartarus?

Erebus

10

What's the difference in Ovid's interpretation of Chaos vs. Hesiod's?

Hesiod sees chaos as a chasm/gap
Ovid sees Chaos as Disorder

11

Gaia has two children on her own, who are they? and what do they represent?

Uranus = the sky
Pontus = the sea

12

What does Gaia and Uranus's marriage represent?

SACRED MARRAIGE

or

HEIROS GAMOS

13

Where can this motif of EARTH MARRYING SKY be seen again?

Cronus and Rhea
or
Zeus and Hera

14

Offspring of Gaia and Uranus?

12 Titans
3 Cyclopes (Orb Eyed)
3 Hundred Handers

15

Who was a doublet of Pontus?

Oceanus

16

Who is the doublet of Gaia?

Rhea

17

Who is the doublet of Uranus?

CRONUS

18

Who were the Sea Gods before the Olympians?

Oceanus and Tethys

19

How many children did Oceanus and Tethys have?

3000+ Ocean Sprites (OceanIDS)

20

Who were the Sun Gods?

Hyperion and Theia

21

Children of Hyperion and Theia

Helius (the sun)
Selene (the moon)
Eos (dawn)

22

The Story of Phaethon

- struck down by Jupiter after wreaking havoc on earth with Sun Chariot

23

Who were the Heliades in the story of Phaethon?

- Daughters of Helius
- Mourned Phaeton's death
- Turned into Poplars because their tears turned into amber

24

What aitia does Phaethon's story offer to modern times?

Ethiopians have dark skin because of him
- libya was transformed into a desert

25

Story of Selene and Endymion

- the moon goddess loves Endymion but she is immortal
- grants him immortality in youth but eternal sleep

26

Popular artistic motif in Selene/ Endymion's story

sleep of death = eternal life
- Endymion Sarcophagus
- Sarcophagus = means flesh eater

27

Story of Eos and Tithonus

- immortal loving mortal
- asks for mortal lover to be immortal
- lover becomes immortal but continues to age
- eventually turns into a cicada aka. grasshopper

28

The castration of Uranus

- uranus stuffs children in gaia because he hated them
- gaia speaks to cronus and gives him sickle
- cronus castrates uranus

29

Product of blood hitting the ground after uranus's castration

Erinyes = the furies
Giants = "earth born"
Ash tree nymphs

30

Product of Uranus's genitals hitting sea foam?

birth of aphrodite

31

Epithets/nicknames of Aphrodite

cytherea (island of cythera)
cyprogenes (island of cyprus)
philomme(i)des (genital loving/ laughter loving)

32

Who fathered the first generation of olympians?

Cronus and Rhea

33

Cronus and Rhea: first generation offspring

Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, Zeus

34

What does Cronus do to prevent his overthrow?

Like his father, he tries to eat them

35

Who tells Cronus of the prophecy that his children will over throw him?

Uranus

36

How does Zeus escape from being eaten?

Substituted with rock in blankets

37

Where was Zeus raised?

Crete
Mountain Dicte

38

What did Zeus survive off?

Amalthea and Cornucopia!

39

Who were the Kourestes/Curetes?

Zeus' gaurdians (banging shields)

40

How was there a fusion of minoan and mycenaean cultures?

Zeus s indo european (myceanaea)

Where as Rhea is a minoan mother goddess