Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (40):
What two poems did Hesiod write?
Theogony and Work and Days
Definition of Theogony
Story of the creation of gods "god /birth"
Theo = God
Gon = birth
Cosmos = order/ arrangement
Principle themes of hesiod's theogony?
Origins of all things
- hymm to zeus
According to Hesiod's Theogony, who was the 1st entity?
- a "yawning void" / Chasm/Gap
3 entities in the beginnign
What does Gaia symbolize?
What does Eros represent?
Sexual Desire and procreation
What's another name for Tartarus?
What's the difference in Ovid's interpretation of Chaos vs. Hesiod's?
Hesiod sees chaos as a chasm/gap
Ovid sees Chaos as Disorder
Gaia has two children on her own, who are they? and what do they represent?
Uranus = the sky
Pontus = the sea
What does Gaia and Uranus's marriage represent?
Where can this motif of EARTH MARRYING SKY be seen again?
Cronus and Rhea
Zeus and Hera
Offspring of Gaia and Uranus?
3 Cyclopes (Orb Eyed)
3 Hundred Handers
Who was a doublet of Pontus?
Who is the doublet of Gaia?
Who is the doublet of Uranus?
Who were the Sea Gods before the Olympians?
Oceanus and Tethys
How many children did Oceanus and Tethys have?
3000+ Ocean Sprites (OceanIDS)
Who were the Sun Gods?
Hyperion and Theia
Children of Hyperion and Theia
Helius (the sun)
Selene (the moon)
The Story of Phaethon
- struck down by Jupiter after wreaking havoc on earth with Sun Chariot
Who were the Heliades in the story of Phaethon?
- Daughters of Helius
- Mourned Phaeton's death
- Turned into Poplars because their tears turned into amber
What aitia does Phaethon's story offer to modern times?
Ethiopians have dark skin because of him
- libya was transformed into a desert
Story of Selene and Endymion
- the moon goddess loves Endymion but she is immortal
- grants him immortality in youth but eternal sleep
Popular artistic motif in Selene/ Endymion's story
sleep of death = eternal life
- Endymion Sarcophagus
- Sarcophagus = means flesh eater
Story of Eos and Tithonus
- immortal loving mortal
- asks for mortal lover to be immortal
- lover becomes immortal but continues to age
- eventually turns into a cicada aka. grasshopper
The castration of Uranus
- uranus stuffs children in gaia because he hated them
- gaia speaks to cronus and gives him sickle
- cronus castrates uranus
Product of blood hitting the ground after uranus's castration
Erinyes = the furies
Giants = "earth born"
Ash tree nymphs
Product of Uranus's genitals hitting sea foam?
birth of aphrodite
Epithets/nicknames of Aphrodite
cytherea (island of cythera)
cyprogenes (island of cyprus)
philomme(i)des (genital loving/ laughter loving)
Who fathered the first generation of olympians?
Cronus and Rhea
Cronus and Rhea: first generation offspring
Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, Zeus
What does Cronus do to prevent his overthrow?
Like his father, he tries to eat them
Who tells Cronus of the prophecy that his children will over throw him?
How does Zeus escape from being eaten?
Substituted with rock in blankets
Where was Zeus raised?
What did Zeus survive off?
Amalthea and Cornucopia!
Who were the Kourestes/Curetes?
Zeus' gaurdians (banging shields)