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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (49):
1

Abandonment

unilateral termination of care by the EMT without the patient's consent and without making provisions for transferring care to another medical professional with the skills and training necessary to meet the needs of the patient.

2

Advance directive

written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will or health care directive

3

Applied ethics

the manner in which principles of ethics are incorporated into professional contact

4

Assault

unlawfully placing a patient in fear of bodily harm

5

Battery

touching a patient or providing emergency care without consent.

6

Bioethics

the study of ethics related to issues that arise in health care.

7

Breach of confidentiality

disclosure of information without proper authorization

8

Certification

a process in which a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care.

9

Compensatory damages

damages awarded in a civil suit that are intended to restore the plaintiff to the same condition that he or she was in prior to the incident complained about in the lawsuit.

10

Competent

able to make rational decisions about personal well-being

11

Consent

permission to render care

12

Contributary negligence

a legal defense that may be raised when the defendant feels that the conduct of the plaintiff somehow contributed to any injuries or damages that were sustained by the plaintiff.

13

Decision making capacity

ability to understand and process information and make a choice regarding appropriate medical care.

14

Defamation

the communication of false information about a person that is damaging to that person's reputation or standing in the community.

15

Dependent lividity

blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin

16

Depositions

oral questions asked of parties and witnesses under oath

17

Discovery

the phase of a civil suit where the plaintiff and defense obtain information from each other that will enable the attorneys to have a better understanding of the case and which will assist in negotiating a possible settlement or in preparing for trial. Discovery includes depositions, interrogations, and demands for production of records.

18

Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) orders

written documentation by a physician giving permission to medical personnel to not attempt resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest.

19

Durable power of attorney for health care

a type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf in the event that the person making the appointment loses decision making capacity.

20

Duty to act

a medico legal term relating to certain personnel who either by statue or by function have a responsibility to provide care

21

Emancipated minors

a person who is under the legal age in a given state but, because of other circumstances, is legally considered an adult

22

emergency

a serious situation, such as injury or illness, that threatens the life or welfare of a person or group of people and requires immediate intervention

23

emergency doctrine

the principle of law that permits a health care provider to treat a patient in an emergency situation when the patient is incapable of granting consent because of an altered level of consciousness, disability, the effects of drugs or alcohol, or the patient's age.

24

Emergency medical care

immediate care or treatment

25

Ethics

the philosophy of right and wrong, of moral duties, and of ideal professional behavior

26

Expressed consent

a type of consent in which a patient gives express authorization for provision of care or transport

27

False imprisonment

the confinement of a person without legal authority or the person's consent

28

Forcible restraint

the act of physically preventing an individual from initiating any physical action

29

Good samaritan laws

Statutory provisions enacted by many states to protect citizens from liability for errors and omissions in giving good faith emergency medical care, unless there is wanton, gross, or willful negligence

30

Governmental immunity

if your service is covered by immunity, it may mean that you cannot be sued or it may limit the amount of the monetary judgement that the plaintiff may recover; generally applies only to EMS services that are operated by municipalities or other governmental entities.

31

Gross negligence

Conduct that constitutes a willful or reckless disregard for a duty or standard of care

32

Health care directive

A written document that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient, should he or she become unable to make decisions. Also known as an advance directive or living will.

33

health care proxies

a type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf in the event that the person making the appointment loses decision making capacity. Also know as a durable power of attorney for health care.

34

Implied consent

permission for treatment given by a competent patient after the potential risks, benefits, and alternatives to treatment have ben explained.

35

In loco parentis

refers to the legal responsibility of a person or organization to take on some of the functions and responsibilities of a parent.

36

Interrogatories

written questions that the defense and plaintiff send to one another.

37

Kidnapping

the seizing, confining, abducting, or carrying away of a person by force, including transporting a competent adult for medical treatment without his or her consent.

38

Libel

false and damaging information about a person that is communicated in writing

39

Licensure

the process whereby a competent authority, usually the state, allows individuals to perform a regulated act.

40

medicolegal

a term relating to medical jurisprudence (law) or forensic medicine

41

Morality

a code of conduct that can be defined by society, religion, or a person, affecting character, conduct, and conscience

42

Negligence

failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.

43

negligence per se

a theory that may be used when the conduct of the person being sued is alleged to have occurred in clear violation of a statue

44

Patient autonomy

the right of a patient to make informed choice regarding his or her health care.

45

Precedence

basing current action on lessons, rules, or guidelines derived from previous similar experiences.

46

Protected health information (PHI)

any information about health status, provision of health care, or payment for health care that can be linked to an individual. This is interpreted rather broadly and includes any part of a patient's medical record or payment history,

47

Proximate causation

when a person who has a duty abuses it, and causes harm to another individual, the EMT, the agency, and/or the medical director may be sued for negligence

48

Punitive damages

damages that are sometimes awarded in a civil suit when the conduct of the defendant was intentional or constituted a reckless disregard for the safety of the public

49

Putrefaction

decomposition of body tissues