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Flashcards in Chapter 3,4,5 Deck (19)
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Who was Twitmeyer?

American psychologist
Early 1900's

1

What did Twitmeyer study?

Innate reflexes

2

What are innate reflexes?

Automatic behavior patterns genetically wired into the brain or nervous system
Behaviors/reflexes you are born, stuff you don't have to learn

3

What is the patellar reflex?

Knee jerk response
(When the doctor hits your knee)

4

What did Twitmeyer discover?

Conditioned reflex

5

What is a conditioned reflex?

A learned response pattern in which a neutral stimulus is connected with a stimulus that sets off an innate, reflexive response, until the neutral stimulus alone brings about that reflexive response

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Who is often given credit for discovering conditioned reflexes?

Pavlov

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Who was Pavlov?

Russian doctor

8

What was Pavlov studying?

Dog saliva
Drilling holes in the side of the dog glands
Found out dogs drool when fed

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What is an unconditioned stimulus (UCS)?

A stimulus whose ability to bring about a particular reflective response is built in, rather then conditional on learning (dependent on, a result of)
Anything that naturally causes a reflex to occur
Example: food, which cause dogs to drool

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What is an unconditioned response (UCR)?

An innately determined response pattern that is set off by an unconditioned stimulus
A response naturally cause by an unconditioned stimulus
Example: blink because something came close to your eye

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What is a neutral stimulus (NS)?

A stimulus that does NOT set off a particular unconditioned response

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What is a conditioned stimulus (CS)?

A formerly neutral stimulus which, after frequently being paired with an unconditioned stimulus, takes on the ability to elicit the response which was an unconditioned response to that unconditioned stimulus
A neutral stimulus that have been used so much that is now acts on its own

13

What is a conditioned response (CR)?

A learned response to a conditioned stimulus
A learned response which is a natural stimulus

14

What is the conditioned pattern schedule

UCS --> UCR
NS + UCS --> UCR
CS + UCS --> CR
CS --> CR

15

Pavlov renamed conditioned reflex...

Classical Conditioning

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What are some other names for classical conditioning?

Respondent conditioning
Reflex conditioning
S-R learning
S-R conditioning
Pavlovian conditioning

17

What is conditioning?

A situation in which a previously neutral stimulus gains the ability to elicit a reflexive or automatic response
Make a new response to the same stimulus

18

Can you be Classically conditioned without your awareness?

Yes and also against your will. Nike sign, just do it slogan