Flashcards in Chapter 3,4,5 Deck (19)
Who was Twitmeyer?
What did Twitmeyer study?
What are innate reflexes?
Automatic behavior patterns genetically wired into the brain or nervous system
Behaviors/reflexes you are born, stuff you don't have to learn
What is the patellar reflex?
Knee jerk response
(When the doctor hits your knee)
What did Twitmeyer discover?
What is a conditioned reflex?
A learned response pattern in which a neutral stimulus is connected with a stimulus that sets off an innate, reflexive response, until the neutral stimulus alone brings about that reflexive response
Who is often given credit for discovering conditioned reflexes?
Who was Pavlov?
What was Pavlov studying?
Drilling holes in the side of the dog glands
Found out dogs drool when fed
What is an unconditioned stimulus (UCS)?
A stimulus whose ability to bring about a particular reflective response is built in, rather then conditional on learning (dependent on, a result of)
Anything that naturally causes a reflex to occur
Example: food, which cause dogs to drool
What is an unconditioned response (UCR)?
An innately determined response pattern that is set off by an unconditioned stimulus
A response naturally cause by an unconditioned stimulus
Example: blink because something came close to your eye
What is a neutral stimulus (NS)?
A stimulus that does NOT set off a particular unconditioned response
What is a conditioned stimulus (CS)?
A formerly neutral stimulus which, after frequently being paired with an unconditioned stimulus, takes on the ability to elicit the response which was an unconditioned response to that unconditioned stimulus
A neutral stimulus that have been used so much that is now acts on its own
What is a conditioned response (CR)?
A learned response to a conditioned stimulus
A learned response which is a natural stimulus
What is the conditioned pattern schedule
UCS --> UCR
NS + UCS --> UCR
CS + UCS --> CR
CS --> CR
Pavlov renamed conditioned reflex...
What are some other names for classical conditioning?
What is conditioning?
A situation in which a previously neutral stimulus gains the ability to elicit a reflexive or automatic response
Make a new response to the same stimulus