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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (59):
1

Ankylosing spondylitis

Rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of joints between vertebrae

2

Arthrodesis

Surgical procedure to stiffen a joint

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Arthroscopy

Visual examination of the internal structure of a joint using an arthroscope

4

Autologous

(Of cells or tissues) obtained from same individual

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Chondroma

Slow growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells

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Chondromalacia

Abnormal softening of cartilages

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Comminuted fracture

A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed

8

Compression fracture

A fracture in which the bone is pressed together on itself

9

Costochondritis

Inflammation of cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum

10

Craniostenosis

Malformation of skull due to premature closure of cranial sutures

11

Crepitation

Grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together

12

Dual x-Ray absorptiometry

Low exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density

13

Fibrous dysplasia

Bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaced it with fibrous (scar-like) treatment

14

Hallux valgus

Abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe

15

Hemarthrosis

Blood within a joint

16

Hemopoietic

Pertaining to formation of blood or blood cells

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Internal fixation

Fracture treatment in which pins or a plate are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces into place

18

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Autoimmune disorder affecting children with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue

19

Kyphosis

An abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side

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Laminectomy

The surgical removal of a lamina from a vertebra

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Lordosis

Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine

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Lumbago

Pain of the lumbar region of the spine

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Malleolus

Hammer shaped bone such as the ankle

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Manubrium

Shaped like a handle, upper part of sternum

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Metacarpals

The long five bones in the palm of hand

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Metatarsals

The five bones before the toes of the foot

27

Myeloma

Type of cancer that occurs in blood-making cells of the red bone marrow

28

Open fracture

Fracture where the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin

29

Orthopedic surgeon

Surgeons of the musculoskeletal system

30

Orthotic

Mechanical appliance, such as a leg brace or splint, that is especially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function

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Osteitis

Inflammation of bone

32

Osteoarthritis

Type of arthritis most commonly associated with aging

33

Osteochondroma

Benign bony projection covered with cartilage

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Osteoclasis

Surgical fraction of a bone to correct deformity

35

Osteomalacia

Abnormal softening of bones in adults

36

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of bone marrow and adjacent bone

37

Osteonecrosis

Death of bone tissue due to an insufficient blood supply

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Osteopenia

Thinner than average bone density

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Osteoporosis

Marked loss of bone density and increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging

40

Osteoporotic hip fracture

Fracture of a hip weakened by osteoporosis that can occur spontaneously or the result of a fall

41

Osteorrhaphy

Surgical suturing or wiring together of bones

42

Paget's disease

Bone disease of unknown cause, characterized by excessive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation

43

Pathologic fracture

Occurs when a weakened bone breaks under normal strain

44

Percutaneous vertebroplasty

Treatment of osteoporosis-related compression fractions by injecting bone cement to stabilize within spinal column

45

Periostitis

Inflammation of the periosteum

46

Podiatrist

Diagnose and treat ankle, foot, and leg

47

Prosthesis

A substitute for a diseased or missing body part

48

Rheumatoid arthritis

Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the synovial membranes, and other body tissues, are inflamed and thickened

49

Rickets

Deficiency disease occurring in children involving defective bone growth due to vitamin D deficiency

50

Scoliosis

An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine

51

Spina bifida

A congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy where the spinal canal fails to close completely around spinal cord

52

Spiral fracture

Where the bone has been split apart

53

Spondylolisthesis

The forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra below it

54

Spondylosis

Degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function

55

Subluxation

The partial displacement of a bone from its joint

56

Synovectomy

The surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint

57

Vertebrae

The back bone

58

Acetabulum

Socket in hipbone that receives the head of the thighbone

59

Allogenic

Receiving compatible donor