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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (38):
1

Who established Roanoke?

Sir Walter Raleigh

2

What was the word left behind on Roanoke island that John White saw when he returned?

Croatoan

3

What are documents that gave rights to establish settlements from King James I?

Charters

4

What is a joint-stock company?

Virginia Company

5

What was the first English settlement in America?

Roanoke

6

What was the settlement eslablished by the Virginia Company?

Jamestown

7

Who was the governor of Jamestown?

Captin John Smith

8

What was the time period called when the Powhatan stopped providing food for the colonists?

The Starving Time

9

What crop saved Jamestown?

Tabacco

10

Who married the daughter of Chief Powhatan, Pocahontas?

John Rolfe

11

What was the legislative assembly of Jamestown?

The house of Burgesses

12

What was the official Church of England after the Protestant Reformation?

Anglican Church

13

Who were the Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church?

Puritans

14

Who were the Protestants who wanted to leave and set up their own churches?

Separatist

15

Who were the separatists who came to the colonies for religious freedom?

Pilgrams

16

What was the name of the ship the Pilgrims came to America on?

Mayflower

17

What percentage of Pilgrims passed away after their first winter?

50%

18

Who were the two people showed the Pilgrims how to grow crops and where to hunt and fish?

Squanto and Samoset

19

What Native American group participated in the First Thanksgiving?

Wampanoag Indians

20

Who was the first leader of the Pilgrims and wrote the book Of Plymouth Plantation?

William Bradford

21

Who was the Puritan that was the governor of the Mass. Bay Colony?

John Winthrop

22

What happened during the Salem Witch Trials?

In 1690 hundreds of people were accused of witch craft in Salem. There were series of hearings and prosecution.

23

What city and colony did Thomas Hooker establish?

Hardford, Connectict

24

What was special about the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut?

Itnwas the first written constitution

25

What was the name of the colony founded by William Penn?

Pennsylvania

26

What religious belief did William Penn follow that was known to be tolerant of other people’s views?

That everyone is equal in gods eyes

27

What is a pacifist?

People who dont fight

28

Quakers were much more accepting of what two groups of people than others in the colonies at this time?

Native Americans and women

29

What was the economy of the Southern Colonies driven by?

Plantations

30

What were indentured servants?

Laborer under contracted to an employer in exchange for their transportation

31

What colony was founded by George Calvert?

Maryland

32

What law granted Maryland residents the right to worship freely?

The act of government

33

What is the cultural boundary between the Northern and Southern Colonies?

Mason- Dixon Line

34

Who led a rebellion and was called “the greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia”?

Nathaniel Bacon

35

Who was the founder of the colony of Georgia?

James Oglethrorpe

36

What was the main reason for the creation of Georgia?

A buffer state

37

What was the colony founded in New France?

Louisiana

38

Which country had the best relations with the Native Americans at this time?

The French