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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (118):
1

integumentary system

dermatology

2

dermo

skin

3

epidermis

outside the dermis, thin, squamous cells

4

dermis

thicker, less cells, holds the two glands, hair follicles, nerves

5

pilo

hair

6

tricho

hair

7

hidro

sweat

8

sebaceo

oil

9

adipo

fat

10

lipo

fat

11

steato

fat

12

onycho

nail

13

unguo

nail

14

kerato

hard/horny

15

xero

dry

16

xantho

yellow

17

erythro

red

18

leuko

white

19

albo

white

20

melano

black

21

pruitus

itch

22

urticaria

hives

23

seborrhea

oily secretion

24

macerate

very wet

25

depigmentation

loss of pigment

26

alopecia

hair loss/baldness

27

hypertrichosis

too much hair

28

anhidrosis

lack of sweating

29

erythema

redness

30

erythroderma

red skin

31

hidropoiesis

formation of sweat

32

onychophagia

eating or biting of the nail

33

trichomegaly

abnormally thick hair

34

urticaria

swollen raised itchy areas of skin

35

xanthoderma

yellow skin

36

localized

limited to a specific area

37

generalized

all over the body

38

centrifugal

starts inward and spreads outward

39

centripetal

starts out and spreads in

40

papules

small bumps; less than 1 cm, small solid mass

41

nodules

greater than 1 cm

42

plaques

large and flat like a plateau solid mass on the surface of skin

43

vesicles

greater than 1 cm and filled with clear fluid; small blister

44

pustules

bump filled with pus; zit

45

bulla

larger vesicle; like a blister

46

abscesses

larger pustules

47

macules

small and flat like a freckle

48

patch

a large macules

49

petechial

small bruise under the skin

50

ecchymosis

larger bruise

51

ulcer

sore

52

scale

skin flaking off

53

crust

dried substance on the skin

54

cicatrix

scar

55

keloid

overgrowth of scar tissue

56

nevus

mole

57

verruca

wart

58

biopsy

Bx

59

keratogenic

causing horny tissue to develop

60

keratosis

horny tissue condition

61

onychocryptsis

ingrown nail

62

onychropathy

nail disease

63

steatoma

fatty tumor

64

impetigo

bacterial infection of the skin with small yellow crust

65

cellulitis

bacterial infection that invades deep layer of skin

66

hidradenitis

infection of sweat glands

67

acne

infection of sebaceous glands

68

dermatomycosis

fungal infection in the skin

69

onychomycosis

fungal infection of the nail

70

dermatitis

skin inflamation

71

acne vulgeris

inflammation of skin folicles

72

dermopathy

skin disease

73

eczema

red, itchy rash that may ooze and crus

74

hypertrichosis

excessive growth of hair

75

ichthyosis

skin is dry and scaly and resembles fish

76

impetigo

highly contagious bacterial infection of the skin

77

mycodermatitis

inflammation of skin caused by fungus

78

sclerodermatitis

inflammation of skin with hardening

79

scleronychia

hardening of nails

80

seborrheicdermatitis

inflammation of skin by oil

81

steatitis

inflammation of fat tissue

82

trichomycosis

fungal infection of hair

83

antibiotic

antiinfection of cleansing

84

steroids

anti-immune

85

antihistamines

anti-itch or allergy

86

liposuction

using vacuum

87

cyrosurgery

using cold, like on a wart; deconstruction through freezing

88

dermabrasion

using lasers; scraping away

89

hypodermic

beneath the skin

90

intradermal

inside the skin

91

percutaneous

through the skin

92

subcutaneous

beneath the skin

93

transdermal

through the skin

94

incision and drainage

I&D: cut into and drain out

95

lipectomy

removal of fatty tissue

96

onychectomy

removal of the nail

97

onychotomy

incision into the nail

98

anesthetic

drug that temporarily blocks sensation

99

antibiotic

drug that destroys or opposes growth of microorganisms

100

antihistmine

opposed the growth of histamine

101

antipruritic

prevents or relieves itching

102

schizotrichia

split ends in hair

103

comedo

plugged hair follicle; also known as white head or black head

104

urticaria

swollen, raised itchy areas of the skin

105

hemathidrosis

sweating blood

106

papules and nodules are both ____

raised

107

plaques are ____

flat

108

verucca

wart

109

decubitus ulcer

bed sore due to prolonged pressure on tissue

110

hypertrichosis

excessive hair growth

111

atopic dermatitis

unusual inflammation of skin

112

postpartum alopecia

women experiences baldness after pregnancy

113

sclerodermatitis

hardening and inflammation of skin

114

scleronychia

condition of thickening and hardening of the nails

115

hidradenoma

tumor of sweat gland

116

heterograft

graft from another species

117

homograpft

graft from the same species

118

autograft

great from another part of the patients body