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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (33):
1

Antecedents

What occurs prior to a problematic event

2

Behavior

Client actions

3

Consequences

Result of client actions

4

DSM-5

Current version of the official classification system for psychological conditions

5

Validity

Degree to which a technique measures what it purports to measure

6

Standardization

Specific norms that ensure a measurement technique is used consistently across conditions

7

Operational definition

Specific explanation of a concept so it may be measured in research

8

Self-monitoring

Action of clients observing and recording their own behaviors

9

Reactivity

Changes in one person's behavior as a result of observing the behavior in another

10

Projective tests

Measure that presents ambiguous stimuli to clients in order to reveal unconscious conflicts

11

Personality inventory

Questionnaire assessing personal traits by asking respondents to identify descriptions that apply to themselves

12

Reliability

Degree to which a measurement is consistent

13

Predictive validity

Degree to which an assessment accurately suggests future behavior

14

Hypothesis

Directional statement to be tested by research

15

Dependent variable

Phenomenon that is measured and expected to be influenced in a study

16

Independent variable

Phenomenon manipulated by study experimenter

17

Testability

Ability of an idea to be evaluated and then accepted or rejected

18

Control group

Study participants not exposed to the treatment received by the experimental group

19

Randomization

Method assuring all individuals have an equal chance of being assigned to any group

20

Generalizability

Extent to which research results apply beyond the current study

21

Statistical significance

Small probability of obtaining the observed research findings by chance

22

Case study method

Research procedure in which a single person or small group is studied in detail

23

Correlation

Degree to which two variables are associated

24

Correlational study

Research procedure in which variables are measured and compared to detect any association

25

Experiment

Research method that can establish causation by manipulating the variables in question

26

Placebo

Nonactive treatment that may be successful due to suggestion

27

Double-blind control

Study procedure in which neither researchers nor participants know who is receiving treatment or placebo

28

Baseline

Measured rate of a behavior before introduction of an intervention

29

Cross-sectional design

Methodology that compares individuals of different ages

30

Cohort

Persons grouped together by age

31

Longitudinal design

Systematic study of changes in the same individuals examined over time

32

Replication

Confirming the results of a study by repeating it

33

Informed consent

Participation in research after receiving disclosure about the nature of the study